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a people living chiefly in southern China (Hunan, Kweichow, Kwangsi Chuang Autonomous Region, Szechwan, and Yunnan) in five isolated groups, each having its own self-designation (Kusu, Hmu, Hmong, Amoyi, Kame). Some Miao live in countries of Southeast Asia (Vietnam, Laos, Thailand, and Burma), where they are called Meo. Total population, about 4 million (1970, estimate). The Miao speak a language of the Miao-Yao group. Their religion is shamanism.

The Miao are one of the oldest peoples of Southeast Asia. Their historical region of origin was Kweichow. Ancestors of the Miao lived in southern China as early as the second millennium B.C.. The Miao moved from China to Southeast Asia during the 13th through 15th centuries. Their chief occupation is agriculture (cultivation of maize, buckwheat, and irrigated rice); they also raise draft animals (buffalo). The Miao are known for their songs and dances and for their fine jewelry and embroideries.


Its, R. F. Etnicheskaia istoriia iuga Vostochnoi Azii. Leningrad, 1972.
Narody Vostochnoi Azii. Moscow-Leningrad, 1965.
References in periodicals archive ?
Vang continued: "These unarmed Hmong people left their village to seek food when they were attacked and killed by Lao troops.
funds and munitions went to the Hmong people under the leadership of (http://www.
If you go to visit the Hmong people in Laos, I can accompany you and show you around.
We also found that the Hmong people have better lives in their homeland.
FITCHBURG - Thousands of people from the Hmong population across the country gathered at Saima Park for the Hmong New Year Festival this weekend and to remember the sacrifices the Hmong people made for the United States during the Vietnam War.
Lot said that there is a large population of Hmong people in her community.
Hmong customs, beliefs, and culture are interwoven in this extraordinary tribute to familial love, the strength and spirit of the Hmong people, and the author's grandmother.
It is highly unlikely that the Hmong people will be reunited in a single geographic region.
In fact, arranged marriages are the norm for Hmong people, and this is one of the major conflicts in Americanized families: the girls don't want to be married so young (usually at about 15), and they certainly want to be free to choose their husbands--and perhaps their choice won't be a Hmong boy.
Today there are roughly 200,000 Hmong people in the United States, which make up 9% of its southeast Asian population.
As an immigrant group, the Hmong people are unique in many ways.