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a people living chiefly in southern China (Hunan, Kweichow, Kwangsi Chuang Autonomous Region, Szechwan, and Yunnan) in five isolated groups, each having its own self-designation (Kusu, Hmu, Hmong, Amoyi, Kame). Some Miao live in countries of Southeast Asia (Vietnam, Laos, Thailand, and Burma), where they are called Meo. Total population, about 4 million (1970, estimate). The Miao speak a language of the Miao-Yao group. Their religion is shamanism.

The Miao are one of the oldest peoples of Southeast Asia. Their historical region of origin was Kweichow. Ancestors of the Miao lived in southern China as early as the second millennium B.C.. The Miao moved from China to Southeast Asia during the 13th through 15th centuries. Their chief occupation is agriculture (cultivation of maize, buckwheat, and irrigated rice); they also raise draft animals (buffalo). The Miao are known for their songs and dances and for their fine jewelry and embroideries.


Its, R. F. Etnicheskaia istoriia iuga Vostochnoi Azii. Leningrad, 1972.
Narody Vostochnoi Azii. Moscow-Leningrad, 1965.
References in periodicals archive ?
Socioeconomic dislocation was the direct cause of the spiritual distress which further attracted many Hmong people to Christianity.
To this day, the Hmong people are subject to grave human rights abuses at the hands of the Communist government.
It was a sentiment that was voiced throughout the day: Hmong people kept thanking me for coming and for being interested in their culture.
What I see, too, when I work with older Hmong people is that they will talk to you, but they will look at the ground .
She explained to the crowd why many Hmong people are in the U.
Instead, the Web site uses a border based on the traditional pa'ndau and photographs featuring Hmong people.
In fact, arranged marriages are the norm for Hmong people, and this is one of the major conflicts in Americanized families: the girls don't want to be married so young (usually at about 15), and they certainly want to be free to choose their husbands--and perhaps their choice won't be a Hmong boy.
Today there are roughly 200,000 Hmong people in the United States, which make up 9% of its southeast Asian population.
As an immigrant group, the Hmong people are unique in many ways.
In order to avoid overly taxing the resources of any one community, the agencies scattered the Hmong people in different areas throughout the United States.
The experience of intense emotional states, such as fear or anger, may have a significant impact on the health of the Hmong people.