Paracel Islands

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Paracel Islands

(päräsĕl`), Chin. Xisha, group of low coral islands and reefs in the South China Sea, c.175 mi (280 km) SE of Hainan island. They are rich in guano and are underlain by oil deposits. Prior to World War II the islands were part of French Indochina and served as a weather station. During the war they were occupied by Japan but passed to China and French Indochina (later South Vietnam) in the postwar years. The South Vietnamese maintained a weather station and small garrison there until 1974, when they were attacked and driven from the islands by Chinese armed forces; China administers the islands as part of Hainan prov. Chinese ownership of the archipelago is contested by Vietnam and Taiwan.
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References in periodicals archive ?
In its note verbale dated 13 June 2016, Vietnam stated that the two countries are under an obligation to settle their dispute over the Hoang Sa and Truong Sa Archipelagos and other disputes in the East Sea through peaceful means in accordance with international law.
I will elaborate this statement by showing how both the categories of ancestors and ghosts are included in the process of recovering the memory of soldiers of the Hoang Sa navy on Ly Son Island.
However, before I turn to the state's project of preserving relicts of the Hoang Sa expedition, it is important to convey a sense of the local ambiguities that shaped the history of Quang Ngai province.
From the seventeenth to the nineteenth century, Hoang Sa (Paracel) and Truong Sa (Spratly) flotillas played an important role in the exploitation of the South China Sea under the Vietnamese feudal state of the Nguyen lords (1558-1777), the Tay Son (1778-1802), and the Nguyen dynasty (1802-1945).
In the early 1990s, the socialist state turned its attention towards Ly Son Island as a source of information about the soldiers of the Hoang Sa and Truong Sa.
Both have established a national mythology around the two "island groups", the Paracels and Spratlys, which the Chinese call Xisha and Nansha respectively, and the Vietnamese Hoang Sa and Truong Sa.
Vietnam considered the Hoang Sa (Paracel) and Truong Sa (Spratly) archipelagoes as two distinct territories rather than agglomerations of individual insular features, [35] and claimed that they, as island groups, had a right to continental shelves and 200-nautical mile Exclusive Economic Zones.
42] Vietnam's Hoang Sa and Truong Sa rhetoric has continued in the 1990s, but it has not been as shrill as in the past.
The Hoang Sa and Truong Sa Archipelagos and International Law (Hanoi: Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Socialist Republic of Vietnam, April 1988), p.
He said : "Vietnam has historical evidence and legal ground to prove its sovereignty over the Hoang Sa (Paracel) and Truong Sa (Spratly) archipelagos as well as the sovereign right and jurisdiction over its exclusive economic zone and continental shelf in accordance with the 1982 UN Convention on the Law of the Sea.
The Vietnamese Ministry of Foreign Affairs has blasted China for introducing a map and declaring its so-called 12th Five-Year-Plan of National Oceanic Development, in which it claims power over Vietnam's Truong Sa (Paracel) and Hoang Sa (Spratly) archipelagoes.
He said : 'Vietnam affirms its indisputable sovereignty over the Hoang Sa and Truong Sa archipelagoes, sovereignty and jurisdiction rights over the exclusive economic zone and continental shelf in the East Sea as is laid out in the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea'.