Hohenzollerns


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Hohenzollerns

 

a dynasty of Brandenburg electors (1415-1701), Prussian kings (1701-1918), and German emperors (1871-1918). The Hohenzollerns primarily expressed the interests of the reactionary junkers, and in the era of imperialism, they also expressed the interests of monopoly capital. They traced their descent from the Franconian branch of the Swabian count’s family. In 1415 a representative of that family, the burgrave of Nuremberg, Frederick VI, received Brandenburg as a fief. Under the name of Frederick I, he became the forefather of the Hohenzollern dynasty in Brandenburg-Prussia.

Among the main Hohenzollerns were Frederick William (elector from 1640 to 1688) and Frederick III, who ruled from 1688 to 1713 and became King Frederick I of Prussia in 1701. Other Hohenzollerns were Frederick II (king from 1740 to 1786), Frederick William III (king from 1797 to 1840), Frederick William IV (king from 1840 to 1861), William I (king of Prussia from 1861 to 1888 and German emperor from 1871 to 1888), and William II (emperor from 1888 to 1918; deposed by the November Revolution of 1918).

The representatives of the Swabian line of the Hohenzollerns were the Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen dynasty, who occupied the Rumanian throne from 1866 to 1947.

REFERENCES

Marx, K. “Podvigi Gogentsollernov.” In K. Marx and F. Engels, Soch., 2nd ed., vol. 6.
Marx, K. “Bozhestvennoe pravo Gogentsollernov.” Ibid., vol. 12.
Genealogie des Gesamthauses Hohenzollern. Berlin, 1905.
References in periodicals archive ?
EVERYTHING HAS collapsed into smallness," wrote Mirabeau on Frederick's death, which ended that streak of gifted Hohenzollerns.
Bismarck, who became prime minister in 1862, was a man unencumbered by moral scruples, whose sole aim was the furtherance of the interests of Prussia and the Hohenzollern dynasty.
83) Even though the Mazurians were politically passive and loyal to the Hohenzollerns, they were now suspect because they maintained a collective cultural identity that was outside the emerging national community.
The Mazurians were loyal Prussians and had demonstrated their loyalty to the Hohenzollerns and the Prussian state by not participating in the 1863 Revolt that had swept across Czarist Poland.
4 The Wall approximately divided the city between what had been the affluent west and the much poorer east, with which went most of the formal Hohenzollern city centre.
If pressed, they might mention the growth of Hohenzollern absolutism, petty theological squabbles about minor doctrines, the political submissiveness of Lutherans, and the tendency of rulers to use religion as a screen for pursuit of secular goals.
It is most unlike the grandiose flatulence of Hohenzollern, Nazi or Rationalist PoMo Berlin (pp28-30).
A consistent programme of intimidation followed and she was shut out from any power by the Hohenzollern family who supported Bismarck.
The NeoClassical Gate(1) was the main one in the western side of the customs(2) wall that surrounded the city in the eighteenth century, and the Platz is at the west end of Unter den Linden, the ceremonial axis of the city, down which the victorious troops of all regimes from the Hohenzollerns to the DDR have marched in triumph.
When the elector of Saxony turns Catholic in order to get Poland, it suits the Hohenzollerns to sponsor a popular piety that is vital, non-denominational, and ultimately revivalistic.
In 1525 Albrecht of Hohenzollern, Grand Master of the Order, accepted Lutheranism, secularized the state, and created a duchy as a fief of Poland.
Thus, "the `other Prussia' was taken over by men who indeed created a dynastic nation, sworn to loyalty towards the Hohenzollern monarch, not to civil society and the idea of liberty" (p.