Srinagar

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Srinagar

(srēnŭ`gər) or

Serinagar

(sərēnŭ`–), city (1981 est. pop. 588,000), Jammu and Kashmir, India, historic capital of KashmirKashmir
, region and former princely state, 85,714 sq mi (222,236 sq km), NW India, NE Pakistan, and SW China. Kashmir is bordered on the west by Pakistan, on the south by India, and on the north and east by China.
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, on the Jhelum River. Situated in the Vale of Kashmir, Srinagar is one of the most beautiful summer resorts of Asia. Seven wooden bridges cross the Jhelum and connect the sections of the city. There are many canals, and transportation is chiefly by boat. Houseboats on the canals and nearby lakes serve as vacation hotels. In place of the hand-woven shawls (cashmeres) for which the city was famed, machine-made silks, woolens, and carpets are now manufactured. The city was founded in the 6th cent., and the 7th-century Sankaracharya temple may be its oldest historic remain. There is a 16th-century fort built by AkbarAkbar
, 1542–1605, Mughal emperor of India (1556–1605); son of Humayun, grandson of Babur. He succeeded to the throne under a regent, Bairam Khan, who rendered loyal service in expanding and consolidating the Mughal domains before he was summarily dismissed (1560) by
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. The Hazratbal mosque has a putative hair of Muhammad. Extensive Buddhist ruins are also near the city. In 1948, Srinagar became the summer capital of the Indian sector of the disputed state of Jammu and Kashmir. The Univ. of Kashmir is in the city.

Srinagar

 

a city in India, in the Himalayas, located in the Vale of Kashmir, on the Jhelam River. Elevation, 1,600 m. Population, 403,600 (1971). Srinagar, the administrative center of the state of Jammu and Kashmir, is an important transportation center. The city is known for its cottage industries, which include rug-making, the production of cashmere shawls, wood carving, and metal engraving. There are also enterprises of the textile and food-processing industries. Picturesque parks are located outside Srinagar, near Lake Dal. There is much tourism in the region. Srinagar is crisscrossed by canals, and intracity travel is primarily by boat.

Srinagar

a city in N India, the summer capital of the state of Jammu and Kashmir, at an altitude of 1600 m (5250 ft.) on the Jhelum River: seat of the University of Jammu and Kashmir (1948). Pop.: 894 940 (2001)
References in periodicals archive ?
Hokersar is located 14 kilometres north of Srinagar.
Thousands of migratory birds come to Hokersar from Siberia and other regions of Central Asia.
Officials at the Hokersar reserve asserted that comfortable climatic conditions, better protection and the easy availability of food in the region were the prime reasons behind the massive migration of birds.
Birds come from Europe, China and Central Asia during winter for breeding to the Hokersar Wetlands Sanctuary.
These migratory birds in Hokersar Wetlands are over six lakh in number.
The Hokersar wetland, located 16 kilometres from Srinagar is just one of the favoured places of hundreds of thousands of migratory birds.
But due to the frozen wet-lands in valley as it becomes difficult for them to find food for themselves, sensing the situations the wild-life authorities have started a drive to break the ice in the important circles of the wetlands in of Hokersar.
The Hokersar wetland, situated at 16 kilometres north of Srinagar, is just one of the favoured destination for migratory birds.
State wild life authorities said that they have received more avian visitors this year than they expected at the three famous waterfowl habitats of Haigam, Hokersar and Shalibugh in the valley.
Mohd Maqbool Baba, Wildlife Warden at Hokersar Wetland said that the record arrivals could be possibly due to the efforts made by his department to maintain optimum water level in the wetlands and warmer weather compared to previous winter.
Birds like goose, shoveller, red-crested pochard, white-eyed pochard, common teal, mallard, pintail, gadwall, greylag arrive in plenty at the Hokersar Wetland.
We have pintail, common teal, we have ruddy shelluck that is called Brahminy Duck and lastly we have sighted common shell duckhis time which is an uncommon phenomenon," said said Mohd Maqbool Baba, Wildlife Warden at Hokersar Wetland.