Holland Land Company


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Holland Land Company,

Dutch enterprise active in the settlement of much of W New York and some of NW Pennsylvania. Organized by Dutch bankers in 1796, it secured lands in New York (known as the Holland Purchase) from Robert MorrisMorris, Robert,
1734–1806, American merchant, known as the "financier of the American Revolution," and signer of the Declaration of Independence, b. Liverpool, England.
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, who had assembled them as part of a gigantic land speculation. The company developed its holdings, planned town sites, and sold the lands on liberal terms directly to settlers. Its main land office was opened (1801) in Batavia, N.Y. About 1846 the affairs of the company in the United States were liquidated.

Bibliography

See studies by P. D. Evans (1924) and W. Chazanof (1970).

References in periodicals archive ?
Ogden and his brother, Thomas Ludlow Ogden, both powerful New York attorneys, had previously been lawyers for the Holland Land Company, which had indirectly bought the lion's share of western New York State from the Six Nations at the Treaty of Big Tree in 1797.
Also present was Joseph Ellicott, chief surveyor and resident agent for the Holland Land Company, the largest single landowner in the area.
Derby, 1850), and History of Phelps and Gorham's Purchase (Rochester, NY: William Ailing, 1851); William Chanzanof, Joseph Ellicott and the Holland Land Company (Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 1970); and Charles Royster, The Fabulous History of the Dismal Swamp Company: A Story of George Washington's Times (New York: Knopf, 1999).
Famous for being the first to use transit lines to establish townships and property boundaries, Holland Land Company surveyors ran a transit line east to west through the property.
Eventually, the Holland Land Company holdings were divided and sold to early settlers in long, narrow parcels.
The research is impressive, including local newspapers, manuscript collections (such as the DeWitt Clinton Collection, the Martin Van Buren Papers, and the Holland Land Company Records), published letters and memoirs, state documents, and a wide variety of secondary sources.

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