Through the Holy See
, the Catholic church exercises a very unusual power at the UN.
To locate the full range of statements, we accessed official UN document archives (b) along with the three official websites of the Holy See
The United States has no significant trade or investment with the Holy See
After many twists and turns, the United States established formal diplomatic relations with the Holy See
2) While theoretical disputes continue as to the requirements for international personality and the definition of a "state" in international law, it is generally accepted that the Holy See
does have, if atypical, a status in international relations.
There are two Armenian pontiffs, representing two Holy Sees
Since that time, the United States--with its constitutional principle of separation of church and state--stayed away from diplomatic entanglements with the Holy See
until quite recently.
He is the first Chinese priest to be publicly declared excommunicated by the Holy See
since 1976, the end of the Cultural Revolution.
The budget of the Holy See
includes the Vatican Secretariat of State and its diplomatic missions around the world, Vatican congregations and pontifical councils, the Holy See
's investment portfolio and properties, as well as the Vatican media network.
Nabil Shaath, Fatah Commissioner for Foreign Relations and member of the Palestinian negotiations team with the Holy See
called upon the Holy See
to "reaffirm its historic position in favor of the Palestinian people's inalienable rights in line with international law and relevant United Nations resolutions".
We trust that the Holy See
will clarify the situation and affirm that it will uphold its legal and moral responsibility, as a High Contracting Party to the Fourth Geneva Convention, and ensure that any agreement upholds the Holy See
's position affirming the Palestinian people's right to self-determination and independence on the territory Israel occupied in 1967, including East Jerusalem," said Shaath in a statement.
Archbishop Giuseppe Leanza, Papal Nuncio in Dublin, has already returned to Rome in a rare move ordered by the Holy See