Armia Krajowa

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Armia Krajowa

 

(literally Home Army), the Polish national military organization active during 1942–45 in Poland during the occupation by the German fascists; it was under the authority of the Polish government-in-exile in London.

Armia Krajowa was formed on the basis of the underground organization of the Union for Armed Struggle (formed in January 1940). The army was composed of part of the People’s Military Organization; Peasant Battalions (the military organization created in late 1940-early 1941 and whose main cadres were members of the peasant youth organization Wici); military detachments of the right wing of the Polish Socialist Party; and other illegal military organizations of the political center supporting the government-in-exile. The major aim of the leaders of the Home Army was the restoration of the Polish bourgeois state with the support of Great Britain and the USA.

The contradictions between the patriotic aspirations of the rank-and-file members of the Home Army and the objectives of its leaders became sharply pronounced in the course of the Warsaw Uprising of 1944 instigated by the command of the army. In January 1945 the government-in-exile dissolved Armia Krajowa, creating from its most reactionary segments the underground terrorist organization Freedom and Resistance, which struggled against popular power. In 1947, the organization was destroyed by the organs of state security of the People’s Republic of Poland.

References in periodicals archive ?
They called themselves the Home Army and had expected to be relieved by the Soviets but Stalin preferred to keep the Red Army east of the Vistula and give the SS time to finish these pesky nationalists off.
Bomb squad called to home ARMY bomb disposal officers were called to an address in Erdington yesterday after "suspicious items" were found at a house.
6 - reconstruction of the surface at the junction of the home army, heroes of warsaw in koszalin.
Yet even the Ghetto uprising, with its awful toll of almost 60,000 dead, was less devastating than the general military uprising by the underground Polish Home Army one year later.
A few dozen thousand poorly armed fighters of Poland's clandestine Home Army fought for 63 days against the incomparably larger German land and air forces.
Stanislaw Sosabowski, its avowed mission was to support the Polish Home Army in Warsaw at the moment of their uprising against Nazi occupation.
Billboards around the capital promoting the concert have been defaced with the sign of the Polish Home Army, which was the largest underground army in Nazi-occupied Europe.
Mr Cywinski was wounded during the 63-day struggle in 1944 between the poorly armed Polish Home Army and the German Wehrmacht.
Four blocks beyond this scene, amid the thick smoke billowing from yet another pile of rubble which was all that remained of the Haberbush Brewery, several soldiers, their red and white armbands identifying them as members of the Home Army, unfurled a Polish flag from the top of a barricade that had been constructed on Zilazna Street.
in It-Later, Polish pilots took part in the Battle of Britain, fought in France and are still fighting Later, Polish pilots took part in the Battle of Britain, and are still fighting fought in France itself has The Home Army in Poland her troops fought at Tobruk, itself has The Home Army in Poland her troops fought at Tobruk, openly as it has fought under openly as it has fought under aly and France.
Opening papers "rethink" the Holocaust, discussing such topics as blood and the discourses of Nazi anti-Semitism; regional aspects of the Holocaust in Hungary, Romania, and Slovakia; the attitude of the Polish Home Army towards Jews during the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising, and Jewish resistance and Soviet internationalism in Minsk during the Second World War.
The uprising was a struggle by the Polish Home Army to liberate the city from Nazi German occupation.