Home Guard


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Home Guard

 

(1) Military units created during wartime from the civilian population and consisting primarily of volunteers. The home guard has been used since ancient times to involve the broad masses of the people in repulsing foreign aggressors. The term is also used for medieval militia-type military units composed of knights or nobles and city militias. In the early 17th century a people’s volunteer corps led by Minin and Pozharskii played an outstanding role in the fight against Polish and Swedish intervention. In the 19th century a home guard made up of serfs and other classes of the population subject to the poll tax was formed in 1806–07, 1812–13, and 1855–56 as a subsidiary, untrained reserve for the regular army. A people’s volunteer corps fought in the Patriotic War of 1812. In the USSR the people’s volunteer corps during the Great Patriotic War of 1941–45 was a vivid manifestation of Soviet patriotism in the struggle against the fascist German aggressors.

(2) A category of military serviceman enlisted for active duty during wartime in prerevolutionary Russia from 1874 until 1917. The home guard included persons not subject to conscription for regular army duty and persons who had completed their reserve term (from 36 to 40 years, after 1891 from 39 to 43 years). They were divided into two classes—members of the first were suitable for line duty and were intended to replenish the regular army; members of the second were not suitable for line duty and were intended for service in the rear. Command personnel were taken from reserve officers or older retired officers. A similar category of military service in Germany and Austria-Hungary was called the Landsturm.

References in periodicals archive ?
As the Home Guard projects prove, Sonoco CorrFlex adds a valuable component to Sonoco's consumer segment strategy of being a total solutions provider in the markets we serve.
Though the home guards were not armed and thus couldn't retaliate, Katariya reportedly failed to fire a single shot despite having his service pistol on him.
My brother-in-law and I had to do guard duty on Battlelaw Hill with the local Home Guard.
According to Deepak Martolia, an instructor, management committee will prepare a data of all home guards so that they can be immediately informed about the problem.
The other thing is the Home Guard was very local," adds Paul, who has an MA in Moral Philosophy and French from Hull University.
The Chairman of the Charlotte Homeland Security counsel, Rick Cantwell, added, "As Americans learn that the threat of an attack is real, they will depend on companies like Home Guard that have done their homework and provided a proven product to protect their loved ones.
He says all Home Guards undergo a 45- day training, which includes unarmed combat modules.
The daily entries made by Colonel Rodney Foster while he led a platoon of Home Guard soldiers on the Kent coast between 1940 and 1945 are often far removed from the fictional world of Captain Mainwaring, Corporal Jones and their Walmington-on-Sea colleagues made famous by the popular TV series.
Huddersfield had several Home Guard battalions during World War II.
Comedy was provided by Derek Jacobi as a bumptious Home Guard major.
Then in June, Winston Churchill decided to rename his amateur army the Home Guard, blithely waving away the pounds 40,000 it cost to destroy more than a million armbands.
IN the Nostalgia column on Sunday April 19, 2009, I noticed a picture of the Home Guard drill at the late Mitchells & Butlers brewery.