Home Guard


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Home Guard

 

(1) Military units created during wartime from the civilian population and consisting primarily of volunteers. The home guard has been used since ancient times to involve the broad masses of the people in repulsing foreign aggressors. The term is also used for medieval militia-type military units composed of knights or nobles and city militias. In the early 17th century a people’s volunteer corps led by Minin and Pozharskii played an outstanding role in the fight against Polish and Swedish intervention. In the 19th century a home guard made up of serfs and other classes of the population subject to the poll tax was formed in 1806–07, 1812–13, and 1855–56 as a subsidiary, untrained reserve for the regular army. A people’s volunteer corps fought in the Patriotic War of 1812. In the USSR the people’s volunteer corps during the Great Patriotic War of 1941–45 was a vivid manifestation of Soviet patriotism in the struggle against the fascist German aggressors.

(2) A category of military serviceman enlisted for active duty during wartime in prerevolutionary Russia from 1874 until 1917. The home guard included persons not subject to conscription for regular army duty and persons who had completed their reserve term (from 36 to 40 years, after 1891 from 39 to 43 years). They were divided into two classes—members of the first were suitable for line duty and were intended to replenish the regular army; members of the second were not suitable for line duty and were intended for service in the rear. Command personnel were taken from reserve officers or older retired officers. A similar category of military service in Germany and Austria-Hungary was called the Landsturm.

References in periodicals archive ?
The first for having sold me such a gorgeous pup about life in the Home Guard and the second for having put into my head an idea which eventually led me to spend more than 12 months with the gamest and most enthusiastic bunch of fellows with whom I ever hope to work.
Just like Pike in the TV show, Peter was the youngest officer in his Home Guard.
The Home Guard was also responsible for taking down road signs and any local clues that might help the enemy should they invade.
The "47ths" were one of a number of factory-based Home Guard outfits in Birmingham, the most famous being the 31st and 32nd Warwickshire (Birmingham) Battalions, consisting entirely of workers from the City Transport Department.
The mock battle was chronicled in the April 1943, edition of the Dad's Army publication 'Defence - The Home Guard Monthly'.
Dad's Army opens with a limp set piece involving a stand-off between the Home Guard and runaway livestock.
Sharma, DGP- cum- Commandant General of Home Guards.
Illinois home improvement contractor Home Guard Exteriors performs roofing, siding, gutters, windows and doors, and painting and drywall repair throughout the Granite City area.
Creator Jimmy Perry revealed a studio are planning to remake the classic sitcom about the World War II Home Guard.
The diaries start on 1 September 1939 and end on 29 September 1945, months after the Home Guard had been disbanded.
In Part I (3/20 issue) we saw how the British Home Guard was created in the dark days of 1939 and 1940 to provide a means of allowing British citizens--who, because of age, health or occupation, were not eligible to serve in the regular armed forces--a way of helping to defend their island kingdom from an impending invasion by Hitler's legions.