Homer Stille Cummings

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Cummings, Homer Stillé,

1870–1956, American lawyer, U.S. Attorney General (1933–39), b. Chicago. He practiced law in Stamford, Conn., where he was mayor three times. He served as chairman of the Democratic National Committee (1919–20). In 1937 after the Supreme Court had overturned New Deal enabling legislation, Cummings drafted a proposal to give President RooseveltRoosevelt, Franklin Delano
, 1882–1945, 32d President of the United States (1933–45), b. Hyde Park, N.Y. Early Life

Through both his father, James Roosevelt, and his mother, Sara Delano Roosevelt, he came of old, wealthy families.
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 the power to appoint a new justice to the Supreme Court to supplement any incumbent older than 70; this "court packing" plan was defeated by Congress.
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history have served longer than the 63-year-old Holder: William Wirt in the administrations of James Monroe and John Quincy Adams, Janet Reno in the Bill Clinton administration and Homer Cummings for Franklin Roosevelt.
1969) [hereinafter Leuchtenburg, "Packing" Plan]; Diary of Homer Cummings 165 (Nov.
See Memorandum from Alexander Holtzoff, to Homer Cummings, Attorney General, on the Appellate Jurisdiction of the Supreme Court 4 (Feb.
Democratic Senator Key Pittman wrote to Attorney General Homer Cummings proposing an eleven-member Court just three days after the President surprised the congressional leadership with his own proposal.
32) Wheeler later told Homer Cummings, while cooling off in the club house after a round of golf at Burning Tree, that "the Court fight might have been settled half a dozen times during its progress.
By contrast, the Four Horsemen--Justices Van Devanter, McReynolds, Sutherland, and Butler--"were such staunch conservatives that almost every time Roosevelt's Attorney General Homer Cummings went into court, he knew he had four votes against him.
Located in the Homer Cummings papers is an unsigned speech, apparently prepared early in the Court fight, which argued that securing a liberal Court majority was a matter of pressing urgency and that pursuit of a constitutional amendment would involve unacceptable delay.
Diary of Homer Cummings (June 12, 1938) (unpublished manuscript) (on file with the University of Virginia).
Diary of Homer Cummings (August 1, 1937) (unpublished manuscript) (on file with the University of Virginia).
Diary of Homer Cummings (May 4, 1937) (unpublished manuscript) (on file with the University of Virginia).
Mining previously unexamined or ignored sources, McKenna shows that as far back as the fall of 1933, Roosevelt had ordered Attorney General Homer Cummings to begin work on a secret plan to restrain the power of the judicial branch.