Homestead strike


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Homestead strike,

in U.S. history, a bitterly fought labor dispute. On June 29, 1892, workers belonging to the Amalgamated Association of Iron and Steel Workers struck the Carnegie Steel Company at Homestead, Pa. to protest a proposed wage cut. Henry C. FrickFrick, Henry Clay,
1849–1919, American industrialist, b. Westmoreland co., Pa. He worked on his father's farm, was a store clerk, and did bookkeeping before he and several associates organized (1871) Frick & Company to operate coke ovens in the Connellsville coal
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, the company's general manager, determined to break the union. He hired 300 Pinkerton detectives to protect the plant and strikebreakers. After an armed battle between the workers and the detectives on July 6, in which several men were killed or wounded, the governor called out the state militia. The plant opened, nonunion workers stayed on the job, and the strike, which was officially called off on Nov. 20, was broken. The Homestead strike led to a serious weakening of unionism in the steel industry until the 1930s.

Homestead Strike

 

a strike of workers at the steelworks in Homestead, Pa., from June to November 1892, one of the sharpest class conflicts in the history of the US workers’ movement of the late 19th and early 20th century. The immediate cause of the strike was the lockout announced on June 30 in answer to the workers’ protests against the company’s demands for lower wages. Approximately 8,000 people took part in the strike. On July 12 troops were brought into the city, but the workers continued the struggle until November 20. A major reason for the defeat of the strike was the refusal of the leaders of the American Federation of Labor to organize a movement of solidarity with the strikers.

References in periodicals archive ?
For example, the Haymarket Tragedy and the Homestead Strike are mentioned only in passing.
Gough's fiery campaign against alcohol in the 1850s and beyond; the tumultuous Ku Klux Klan riots in Worcester in the 1920s; Abby Kelley Foster's anger at not being allowed to vote and her subsequent refusal to pay property taxes on her Mower Street property in the 1870s; Emma Goldman and the plan cooked up on Providence Street to assassinate James Frick, head of the Carnegie Corporation, for his role in the deadly Homestead strike, and any number of other items.
This is followed by Shays' Rebellion in January 1787; the discovery of gold at Sutter's Mill on May 12 1848; the Battle of Antietam beginning on September 17, 1862; the infamous Homestead Strike in July 1892; President McKinley's assassination on September 6, 1901; the Scopes monkey trial in 1925; Elvis Presley's appearance on Ed Sullivan's television show; and, finally, the murder of three civil rights activists on June 21, 1964.
HISTORYCENTER will explore the events documented in the films Massacre at Mystic, Shays' Rebellion, Gold Rush, Antietam, and The Homestead Strike.
The Homestead strike in 1892-- when Henry Clay Frick and Andrew Carnegie sought to break the unions that were threatening the profits of their steel company--is perhaps the best-known example.
The Haymarket Riot, Homestead Strike, Pullman Strike, Coeur d'Alene, Telluride, Wheatlands Hops, Ludlow Massacre, Steel Strike of 1919, and the sit down strikes of the 1930s plus many more testify to the obvious existence of profound social discontent.
The bloody Homestead strike of 1892 was an epic uprising by workers whose defeat set back trade unionism for two decades and left a lasting imprint on the town.
The title of the book, in my mind, evokes images of the bomb blast in Haymarket Square in Chicago, the Homestead strike in Homestead, PA, and the organizing and agitating by the Industrial Workers of the World.
Before the depression of the 1880s and the Homestead strike of 1892, workers usually exerted tremendous control over the production process, often imposing strict work rules on themselves.
Nor should the author simply assert that this strike "marked the beginning of the modern era of labor disputes" (3) without comparing it with such conflicts as the earlier Homestead strike (1892) or the nearly six-month long Pennsylvania anthracite strike (1902).
The Battle for Homestead, 1880-1892: Politics Culture and Steel by Paul Krause is the more scholarly and extensive work of two recently published books about the Homestead Strike.
This bill would establish areas in Pittsburgh's Steel Valley that contain the Carrie Furnaces, the Pump House, the Hot Metal Bridge, the site of the 1892 Homestead Strike and other historical locations as a national park.