Heidelberg man

(redirected from Homo heidelbergensis)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.
Related to Homo heidelbergensis: Australopithecus, Neanderthal

Heidelberg man:

see Homo erectusHomo erectus
, extinct hominin living between 1.6 million and 250,000 years ago. Homo erectus is thought to have evolved in Africa from H. habilis, the first member of the genus Homo. African forms of H.
..... Click the link for more information.
.

Heidelberg Man

 

one of the forms of fossil man. It is represented by a lower jaw discovered in 1907 by the German anthropologist O. Schoetensack at a depth of 24 m in the Elsenz River valley near the city of Heidelberg in Germany. (The bones of fossil animals were discovered at the same time: Etruscan rhinoceros, prehistoric elephant, bison, prehistoric horse, and lion.) It has been dated as early Pleistocene (approximately 400,000 years B.C.). The jaw is remarkable for its combination of primitive features (massiveness, considerable breadth of the ascending ramus, and complete absence of a chin) and teeth similar to those of modern man. The same site also yielded a large number of flint fragments, some of which, in the opinion of some archaeologists, show signs of having been man-made and are therefore considered to be implements of Heidelberg man. Most researchers compare Heidelberg man to Pithecanthropus and Sinanthropus.

REFERENCES

Karlov, N. N. “Otkrytie orudii truda geidel’bergskogo cheloveka.” Priroda, 1958, no. 8.
Iskopaemye gominidy i proiskhozhdenie cheloveka. Moscow, 1966.
Roginskii, la. la., and M. G. Levin. Antropologiia, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1963.

V. P. IAKIMOV

Heidelberg man

[′hīd·əl·bərg ‚man]
(paleontology)
An early type of European fossil man known from an isolated lower jaw; considered a variant of Homo erectus or an early stock of Neanderthal man.
References in periodicals archive ?
Over the last 15 years, these skeletons have been pieced together and identified as Homo heidelbergensis.
It is not clear whether this transformation was enabled by evolutionary developments in hominin cognitive capacities associated with the transition from Homo heidelbergensis to Homo neanderthalensis, or whether it was an emergent property of factors such as population growth and enhanced transmission of ideas and practices between local groups (Hopkinson & White 2005), although biological and social explanations need not be mutually exclusive.
The incredible collection allows us to estimate the height of species such as Homo heidelbergensis, who inhabited Europe during the Middle Pleistocene era and is the ancestor of the Neanderthal.
A comparison of the skulls of contemporaries Homo neanderthalensis and Homo sapiens, for example, argues that these were indeed two separate species, both thought to have evolved from the more ancient Homo heidelbergensis.
The researchers therefore believe that Homo heidelbergensis was widespread, dispersing throughout Eurasia and Africa beginning around 780,000 years ago.
In this scenario, another species of Acheulian-savvy hominids, Homo heidelbergensis, then took Acheulian tools from Africa to both South Asia and Europe about 500,000 years ago.
The individual of the species Homo heidelbergensis has been named "Elvis" after his pelvis and lower backbone were found in Spain.
In Europe between around 500,000 and 40,000 years ago, early humans such as Homo heidelbergensis and Neanderthals developed deep-seated commitments to the welfare of others illustrated by a long adolescence and a dependence on hunting together.
I suspect music evolved along with speech, probably by the time of Homo heidelbergensis [around 600,000 years ago].
Many scientists remain skeptical of that proposal and classify the Spanish fossils as the oldest examples of Homo heidelbergensis, a roughly 600,000-year-old species first found in Germany a century ago.
The earliest Neanderthalers or even Homo heidelbergensis, the species to which Boxgrove Man belonged, are among possible contenders, but no such remains have so far been found on Crete.
The fossils derive from Homo heidelbergensis, a species regarded by Martinez's team as ancestral to Neandertals but not to H.