homolysis

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Related to Homolytic: Homolytic fission

homolysis

[hə′mäl·ə·sis]
(organic chemistry)
References in periodicals archive ?
Thus, long-chain radicals were generated because of homolytic cleavage, as shown in the case of polymer solutions (11).
The light-induced homolytic nitrogen-oxygen bond cleavage of N-methoxy nitrogen onium salts produces two transient species, each of which has been shown to damage DNA.
Among their topics are organic vapor-phase deposition, magnetic field effects in the materials and devices, the role of homolytic reactions in the intrinsic degradation of organic light-emitting diodes, vertical-type organic transistors, mixed molecular heterojunction photovoltaic cells, organic light-emitting diode materials and device architectures for full-color displays and solid-state lighting, and chemical and biological sensors.
Homolytic decomposition of the free base dissolved in the LDL particle gave rise primarily to carbon-centered alkyl radicals that were immediately converted, due to the presence of oxygen, into alkyl peroxyl radicals without generating [H.
We initially thought that the inherent absorbance of blood would be high enough to protect the endogenous RSNO species from photodecomposition (via 550-600 nm light, which causes homolytic cleavage of the S-N bond (5)), but we have discovered that this is not the case.
11 and 12) to induce homolytic breakage of the macromolecular chains to form macroradicals.
The photoinitiators that undergo Norrish Type I reactions photolyze through a homolytic fragmentation mechanism or through a-cleavage, and thereby directly form free radicals capable of initiating polymerization.
A substantial chapter follows on the wide range of reagents and methods of aromatic nitration, covering the areas of acid-catalyzed electrophilic nitration, homolytic nitration, and nucleophilic nitration.
Secondary antioxidants prevent the homolytic cleavage of hydroperoxide.
Photoinduced homolytic N-O bond cleavage in N-alkoxyheterocycles has been shown to be an efficient pathway to oxygen-centered radicals and/or aromatic radical cations.
Homolytic versus heterolytic cleavage for the photochemistry of 1-naphthylmethyl derivatives.
Abd-Elbary A, Nour SA (1979) Correlation between the spermicidal activity and the homolytic index of certain plants saponins.