honeysuckle

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honeysuckle,

common name for some members of the Caprifoliaceae, a family comprised mostly of vines and shrubs of the Northern Hemisphere, especially abundant in E Asia and E North America. The family includes the elders, viburnums, weigelas, and snowberries as well as the honeysuckles; many are hardy plants that are sometimes cultivated as ornamentals. One of the best-known North American species of the true honeysuckles (genus Lonicera) is the trumpet honeysuckle (L. sempervirens), an evergreen plant with fragrant, trumpet-shaped scarlet blossoms. The Japanese honeysuckle (L. japonica), with small white to yellow flowers, is naturalized in the United States and has become a ubiquitous and noxious weed, strangling the living plants on which it climbs. Woodbine, a name for several European vines, is most often L. periclymenum, also called eglantine. Bush honeysuckles are of the genus Diervilla. Some plants of other families are also called honeysuckle, e.g., the swamp and purple honeysuckles of the heathheath,
in botany, common name for some members of the Ericaceae, a family of chiefly evergreen shrubs with berry or capsule fruits. Plants of the heath family form the characteristic vegetation of many regions with acid soils, particularly the moors, swamps, and mountain slopes
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 family. Sambucus (elder or elderberry) and Viburnum are shrubs and trees usually having showy flat-topped clusters of white flowers. The fruits of some species are edible, e.g., those of the common North American elder (S. canadensis), used in preserves, pies, and wine. The European elder (S. nigra) and the "Spirit of the Elder" have figured prominently in folklore of N Europe. Among the better known viburnums (also having edible berries) are the black haw, or stagbush (V. prunifolium), of E North America; the straggling-branched hobblebush, or wayfaring tree (V. alnifolium in America, V. lantana in the Old World); and the high-bush cranberry, or cranberry tree (V. opulus; the American plants are sometimes designated as V. trilobum). The snowball, or guelder-rose, is a cultivated variety of the cranberry tree in which the rounded blossom–clusters are composed of large sterile flowers. Arrowwood (V. dentatum and similar species) was formerly used for making arrows. The waxy-fruited snowberries are species of the genus Symphoricarpos. Weigela (or weigelia), shrubs of the E Asian genus Weigela, are sometimes cultivated elsewhere for their funnel-shaped blossoms. Twinflower (Linnaea borealis), unusual for this family in that it is herbaceous, was the favorite flower of Linnaeus. Honeysuckle is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Dipsacales, family Caprifoliaceae.
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honeysuckle

honeysuckle

Be careful, some are poisonous, some are not and it’s hard to tell them apart. There are almost 200 varieties, it would take a whole book to discuss the differences. A vine that stays green all year. Upturned white flowers that turn yellow. NOTE: Some varieties have berries that are highly poisonous - Do not eat them! Japanese Honeysuckle (Lonicera japonica), is one of the edible variety. Extremely fragrant edible 2-lipped white/yellow flowers that are a bit purple or pink when young. Simple-shaped opposite leaves. Grows as a vine/bush. Fruit is blue/black berry-like with 3-5 stones. Leaves, stems, flowers edible. Antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic, reduces blood pressure, rheumatoid arthritis, hepatitis, upper respiratory infections, pneumonia, tumors, skin diseases, rashes, cholesterol, viruses. Even used for tuberculosis. Compounds so strong, they are toxic to fish and some animals. Plant grows aggressively and can take over an entire building if left alone. Be sure you know which type you are dealing with before consuming.

Honeysuckle

 

(Lonicera), a genus of shrubs (sometimes climbers) of the family of Caprifoliaceae. The leaves are opposite, simple, and either deciduous or evergreen. The flowers may be white, yellow, pink, or red, and are arranged in pairs or whorls; sometimes they are gathered in capitate or spicate inflorescences. The corolla is five-lobed, bilabiate, and tubular. The fruits are juicy berries, growing separately or in pairs and somewhat fused. Honeysuckle grows in underbrush, requires considerable sunlight, and is used in landscaping. The wood is used for making small objects. There are over 200 species, growing chiefly in the northern hemisphere; in the southern hemisphere honeysuckle may be found in the Andes. In the USSR there are 51 species, growing in the Caucasus, Middle Asia, Siberia, and the Far East. The most important species are the fly honeysuckle (L. xylosteum)\ the Tatar honeysuckle (L. tatarica) with bare grayish leaves, growing from the Volga to the Enisei; the blue honeysuckle (L. coemlea) found in the Carpathians; and the edible honeysuckle (L. edulis), with tart black berries, growing in the Far East and in eastern Siberia. The Caucasian honeysuckle (L. caucasica) and the perfoliate honeysuckle (L. caprifolium) grow in the Caucasus.

T. G. LEONOVA

honeysuckle

symbol of affection. [Flower Symbolism: Flora Symbolica, 174; Kunz, 328]
See: Love

honeysuckle

1. any temperate caprifoliaceous shrub or vine of the genus Lonicera: cultivated for their fragrant white, yellow, or pink tubular flowers
2. any of several similar plants
3. any of various Australian trees or shrubs of the genus Banksia, having flowers in dense spikes: family Proteaceae
References in periodicals archive ?
In spite of what appears to be inferior structure, researchers have suggested that some species of songbirds preferentially choose to nest in bush honeysuckle (Schmidt and Whelan 1999) even when the honeysuckle is not in its native range (Zhou et al.
First, the honeysuckle was boiled and was then used to treat the lung tissue that was infected with H1NI virus in mice.
Honeysuckles can be pulled from soft moist soils, although soil disturbance produces seed beds for weedy species and opportunities for reinfestation (IPAW 2007).
Finally, most honeysuckles are sweetly-scented and, if two or three kinds are chosen carefully, will release their fragrance for up to nine months of the year.
A: Inspired by your e-mail, I scouted the east side of Fashion Square and am delighted to inform you that the plant you have described is giant Burmese honeysuckle (Lonicera hildebrandiana).
As large-scale agriculture shifts west and portions of the northeastern United States return to woods, forest recovery and species diversity are being challenged by a sweet-smelling but aggressive adversary, honeysuckle.
One of the best plants in my garden at the moment is a Honeysuckle - but watch for aphids
If you have an archway or pergola, choose from scented climbers including honeysuckles, wisterias, roses and jasmine.
Greg Turner, Bathgate A Honeysuckles are best left to scramble.
Most honeysuckles and many other shrubs flower on the tips of the shoots so two-stage control is necessary: squash the bulk of the aphids carefully so as not to damage the leaves and flower buds, then spray with an insecticide - organic Bio Naturen or chemical BugClear.
Honeysuckles are among the most delightful, adaptable and long-lasting summer shrubs.