Hooker diaphragm cell

Hooker diaphragm cell

[′hu̇k·ər ′dī·ə‚fram ‚sel]
(chemical engineering)
A device used in industry for the electrolysis of brine (sodium chloride) to make chlorine and caustic soda (sodium hydroxide) or caustic potash (potassium hydroxide); saturated purified brine fed around the anode passes through the diaphragm to the cathode; chlorine is formed at the anode and hydrogen released at the cathode, leaving sodium hydroxide and residual sodium chloride in the cell liquor; the diaphragm prevents the products from mixing.