Horatii


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Horatii

(hōrā`shēī), in Roman legend, male triplets who represented Rome in a battle against Alba, which was represented by the Curiatii, also triplets. After two of the Horatii had been killed, the remaining brother defeated the Curiatii. When the sister of the Horatii bemoaned the death of one of the Curiatii, who had been her lover, her brother killed her. Condemned to death, he was spared when he appealed to the people. To do penance he was led, veiled, under a yoke. The battle of the Horatii is depicted in a neoclassical painting by Jacques-Louis DavidDavid, Jacques-Louis
, 1748–1825, French painter. David was the virtual art dictator of France for a generation. Extending beyond painting, his influence determined the course of fashion, furniture design, and interior decoration and was reflected in the development of
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Horatii

 

an ancient Roman patrician family. Legendary representatives of the Horatii family include a set of triplets, who, when they were adolescents, were victorious in hand-to-hand combat over another set of triplets, also adolescents, of the Curiatii family from Alba Longa; this occurred in the seventh century B.C. at the time of Rome’s war against Alba Longa under King Tullus Hostilius. Another member of the family, M. Horatius Pulvillus, was one of the first consuls of the republic; together with his colleague P. Valerio Poplicola, he concluded a treaty between Rome and Carthage in 510–509 B.C. and consecrated the Capitoline temple. Publius Horatius Cocles (the One-Eyed) defended the pile bridge over the Tiber against the Etruscans who attacked Rome in 508 B.C.

References in classic literature ?
In an instant the yards swung round; and as the ship half-wheeled upon her heel, her three firm-seated graceful masts erectly poised upon her long, ribbed hull, seemed as the three Horatii pirouetting on one sufficient steed.
He can see the spot where the Horatii and the Curatii fought their famous battle.
Beatrix, Dantis Aligerii; Aureta Petrarcae; Lycina Horatii.
The following year, in Rome, he painted The Oath of the Horatii, a statement of his Republicanism and newly minted neoclassical style.
This book also provides a case study of paintings, including Jacques-Louis DavidAEs Oath of the Horatii and a series of art pieces by Jasper Johns, whose titles originated with the artists who created them in order to illustrate the above theory.
Mutavi deinde consilium, sequutusque exemplum veterum poetarum Lucretii, Virgilii, Horatii, Ovidiique, & recentiorum Sannazarii, Fracastorii, Vanierii, & Cevae, ceterorumque, qui nullam carminibus suis interpretationem adjecerunt, annotationes ipsas pressi, domique continui, paratus eas reddere, siquando hoc opus iterum typis committendum sit, idque aliis utile, & opportunum videatur.
Thomae theoremata, editio postrema (Sumptibus Horatii Cardom, Lugduni, 1619), disp.
In painting, classical themes were revived dramatically by the Frenchman Jean Louis David, whose painting Oath of the Horatii created a sensation in Rome and Paris.
118 del Satyricon contiene las dos alusiones mas explicitas a Horacio: la frase Horatii curiosa felicitas, y la cita del primer verso de la Oda III, 1, odi profanum volgus et arceo.
Sobre: Otto Vaenius, Quinti Horatii Flacci Emblemata.
Ceterum de ludis saecularibus, quae huc mire faciunt, legito quale adnotauimus ad Carmen saeculare Horatii, Phoebe siluarumque .