Horatii


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Horatii

(hōrā`shēī), in Roman legend, male triplets who represented Rome in a battle against Alba, which was represented by the Curiatii, also triplets. After two of the Horatii had been killed, the remaining brother defeated the Curiatii. When the sister of the Horatii bemoaned the death of one of the Curiatii, who had been her lover, her brother killed her. Condemned to death, he was spared when he appealed to the people. To do penance he was led, veiled, under a yoke. The battle of the Horatii is depicted in a neoclassical painting by Jacques-Louis DavidDavid, Jacques-Louis
, 1748–1825, French painter. David was the virtual art dictator of France for a generation. Extending beyond painting, his influence determined the course of fashion, furniture design, and interior decoration and was reflected in the development of
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Horatii

 

an ancient Roman patrician family. Legendary representatives of the Horatii family include a set of triplets, who, when they were adolescents, were victorious in hand-to-hand combat over another set of triplets, also adolescents, of the Curiatii family from Alba Longa; this occurred in the seventh century B.C. at the time of Rome’s war against Alba Longa under King Tullus Hostilius. Another member of the family, M. Horatius Pulvillus, was one of the first consuls of the republic; together with his colleague P. Valerio Poplicola, he concluded a treaty between Rome and Carthage in 510–509 B.C. and consecrated the Capitoline temple. Publius Horatius Cocles (the One-Eyed) defended the pile bridge over the Tiber against the Etruscans who attacked Rome in 508 B.C.

References in classic literature ?
In an instant the yards swung round; and as the ship half-wheeled upon her heel, her three firm-seated graceful masts erectly poised upon her long, ribbed hull, seemed as the three Horatii pirouetting on one sufficient steed.
He can see the spot where the Horatii and the Curatii fought their famous battle.
In painting, classical themes were revived dramatically by the Frenchman Jean Louis David, whose painting Oath of the Horatii created a sensation in Rome and Paris.
conducts a feminist analysis of gendered aesthetics and politics in Jacque-Louis David's 1784 painting Oath of the Horatii, "a work of crucial significance in French Revolutionary culture.
David's celebrated painting of The Oath of the Horatii, in which three Roman sons swear to fight to the death for the state, appeared in 1784, several years before the dawn of La Republique.
Jacques-Louis David used the historic account of two Roman families in his painting, The Oath of the Horatii.
In an instant the yards swung round; and as the ship half-wheeled upon her heel, her three firm-seated graceful masts erectly poised upon her long, ribbed hull, seemed as the three Horatii pirouetting on one sufficient steed.
Horatii Flacci Opera, Illustrated from Antique Gems by C.
Dissertatio ad Horatii de Plauto & Terentio Judicium.
Jefferson had an epiphany when he discovered a Roman temple known as the Maison Carree at Nimes on his way by coach to Paris with the painter John Trumbull, to see Jacques Louis David's revolutionary Oath of the Horatii (1784).
Griffith, and even back to classical and Republican painting" (27) such as David's The Oath of the Horatii (1784) in an unusual and again illustrative way.