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art of riding and handling a horse. Horseback riding was practiced as far back as the Bronze Age and was thereafter adapted to commerce, industry, war, sport, and recreation. Diverse styles of riding developed, and the saddlesaddle,
seat or pad to support the rider on an animal, chiefly a horse. The saddles mentioned in the Bible are generally considered to have been saddlecloths. The ancient Greeks sometimes used saddlecloths, but they had no saddles and often rode bareback.
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, as well as the stirrupstirrup,
foot support for the rider of a horse in mounting and while riding. It is a ring with a horizontal bar to receive the foot and is attached by a strap to the saddle.
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 and other riding aids, were manufactured along with the other appurtenances to horseback riding. At the two extremes of riding are the jockey's riding style, sacrificing comfort and security in the interest of speed, and the cowboy's (western) style, more relaxed for long hours of work. Riding as a skilled sport developed from the style of mounted knights in the medieval period. The so-called academy style is popular in the E United States as well as in Europe. Riding as recreation has become increasingly popular in the United States, particularly in metropolitan and suburban areas.

Horse shows, originated by Ireland's Royal Dublin Society (1864), offer riders a chance to test their skills in competition. Contests are held among hunters, jumpers, ponies, and three- and five-gaited horses; a test of overall training and obedience, known as the dressage event, is also held. The major horse show in the United States is the National Horse Show (originated 1883). Equestrian events have been held in the Olympic games since 1912. Olympic competitions include dressage, jumping (Prix de Nations), and a three-day all-around competition that involves dressage, jumping, and endurance. A significant number of teams in international competition are military teams. See also horse racinghorse racing,
trials of speed involving two or more horses. It includes races among harnessed horses with one of two particular gaits, among saddled Thoroughbreds (or, less frequently, quarterhorses) on a flat track, or among saddled horses over a turf course with obstacles to
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See M. Gordon-Watson, The Handbook of Riding (1982); W. C. Steinkraus and M. A. Stoneridge, The Horse in Sport (1987).

References in periodicals archive ?
BLUE Coat School and Music College pupils Chloe O'Hara and Emma Guilder have backed a petition to save a horseriding school.
I live on a farm so it's part and parcel of my lifestyle I guess, whether its walking my three dogs or horseriding.
While he lacked the leadingman stature of long-time friend and co-star John Wayne, Carey's boyish looks and horseriding skills earned him roles in many of Ford's films.
Washington, Nov 4 ( ANI ): Duchess Catherine is taking horseriding lessons even though she is allergic to the animal.
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Katie-Jane Cooper, 29, a model and former horseriding rival of royal Zara Phillips, and boyfriend Tarka L'Herpiniere, 28, have been huddled in their damaged tent for three days.
It was the first time any of the girls had sat on a horse, and Karolina (with Rothwell, below) enjoyed the experience so much she was taken horseriding on her own a few days later
They include bodies representing badminton, basketball, cycling, swimming, judo and horseriding.
Pictures of the teenager's horseriding rosettes, with the message saying she would always be a winner, can also be seen.
Nearly all of the events we win at are hobby sports parents send their offspring to learn at weekends, like sailing or horseriding or cycling.
The sultry brunette is hoping to make it to the big time by becoming Miss Great Britain and loves kickboxing, horseriding and acting.
Guests have the use of the facilities at Ezulwini Sun and Royal Swazi Sun, including horseriding, golf, lawn bowls, squash and the Health Spa.