Hospitalization


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Hospitalization

 

the placement in a hospital of persons who are ill or wounded and in need of in-patient treatment and care, as well as of patients with mental or infectious diseases (or when there is suspicion of these) who are subject to obligatory isolation.

Hospitalization may be emergency, planned, or preventive. Emergency hospitalization is used in accidents, sudden serious illnesses that threaten the patient’s life, and acute mental or infectious diseases. Planned hospitalization in the USSR is one of the forms of the phased system of treatment of patients; it is ordered by physicians in out-of-hospital treatment and prevention facilities after detailed examination and diagnosis of the patient, with the object of selecting effective means of treatment and dosages of medication and of giving the patient the kind of specialized in-patient care that is impossible at the polyclinic or at home. Preventive hospitalization provides treatment for the prevention of complications and is used to establish the causes and conditions of origin of a disease; it also offers medical examinations and attempts to establish the patient’s ability to work and his need for treatment.

Hospitalization is also classified as centralized or decentralized, according to its system of organization. A centralized system of hospitalization is organized for cities with several hospitals. Patients are referred to in-patient facilities through a single central station, where an account is kept of available beds. A decentralized system is organized by attaching out-of-hospital facilities to certain in-patient facilities or by combining the two and referring patients in need of in-patient care directly.

G. N. SOBOLEVSKII

References in periodicals archive ?
21, 2015 /PRNewswire/ -- Approximately half (49 percent) of hospitalizations among seniors could be prevented, according to a new study of nurses who work primarily with seniors.
We reviewed diagnosis codes for the initial hospitalization records to identify patients with the following concurrent conditions: immunocompromised state as defined by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (25), HIV and AIDS (ICD-9 codes 042, V08), diabetes (ICD9 code 250), and pregnant state (ICD-9 codes V22, V23, 630-679).
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From a clinical and statistical perspective, modeling time to (or rate of) hospitalization is preferred because the risk of hospitalization is not constant over time.
6 percent died within 1 year of a spouse's hospitalization for dementia, 7.
These inequalities were associated with underlying differences in socioeconomic measures and were clustered geographically, with hospitalization hot spots in the inner city and cold spots in outlying suburbs," says Todd Florin, MD, a pediatrician at Cincinnati Children's and co-lead author.
We performed i-tests in SUDAAN to determine whether leptospirosis-associated hospitalization charges and lengths of stay differed significantly by sex and region (24).
Our conceptual framework posits a relationship between Medicaid bed-hold reimbursements to nursing homes and hospitalization of residents.
Study results showed that the age-adjusted rate of chronic liver disease-related hospitalization during the entire study period was 1,546 per 100,000 for diabetic adults in the population, roughly fourfold higher than the rate of 398 per 100,000 for nondiabetic adults.
Only the increase in postpartum hospitalizations for stroke was statistically significant.
However, the shifts in hospitalization rates - especially the larger such shifts among children and adolescents - raise concerns that demand further analysis, he said.
Veterans with dementia who lived in rural areas were at higher risk for an ambulatory-care-sensitive hospitalization than veterans in metropolitan areas (22.

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