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(religion, spiritualism, and occult)

In traditional astrology, the period between sunrise and sunset was subdivided into 12 hours, each ruled by a different planet. The tradition, to which there have been no serious modifications since the discovery of planets beyond Saturn, stipulates that the day should be divided into 12 equal segments between sunrise and sunset, which will thus vary in length according to the season. On a particular day, the first of these hours is ruled by the planet ruling that day of the week. In other words, on Saturday, the first hour would be ruled by Saturn; on Sunday, the first hour would be ruled by the Sun; and so forth. The succeeding hours are ruled by the next planet in the following order: Saturn, Jupiter, Mars, the Sun, Venus, and the Moon. After reaching the Moon, one begins again with Saturn and repeats the same order.

Ancient astrologers were careful to carry out certain activities during appropriate hours. It was said, for example, that Paracelsus (a sixteenth-century German alchemist and physician) always chose to prepare chemical compounds on days and during hours when the ruling planet matched the therapeutic intent behind his compounds. Despite the importance given this subject by the ancients, modern astrologers have largely ignored the planetary hours.


DeVore, Nicholas. Encyclopedia of Astrology. New York: Philosophical Library, 1947.

Hall, Manly P. Astrological Keywords. Savage, MD: Littlefield, Adams, 1975.

References in periodicals archive ?
If differences in labor taxes are an important component of the explanation for the large differences in hours of work across countries, then it is implicitly the case that individual labor supply is responding quite significantly to changes in tax rates.
For instance, paying for medical care and higher education requires more hours of work than it used to.
Where the circumstances of the work require a worker to work overtime between 9pm and 4 am he shall be entitled in respect of such overtime to the remuneration stipulated for his normal hours of work, plus a supplement of at least 50 per cent of the remuneration.
But opponents say the change will mean child-care problems, lower pay and longer work shifts, particularly for part-time employees who won't be protected by the continuing requirement for overtime after 40 hours of work per week.
Article 67 of the aforementioned law states "Where the circumstances of work require a worker to work more than the normal number of hours any period worked in excess shall be treated as overtime, for which the worker shall receive the remuneration equal to that corresponding to his normal hours of work, plus a supplement of at least 25 per cent of the remuneration.
California is one of only three states requiring payment of overtime after eight hours of work per day.
The resolution also noted that based on the PSA study, more than half of the total workers with excessive hours of work were wage earners and salaried workers.
These problems are exacerbated by reduced job stability, more intense as well as longer hours of work and increased household debt.
24 to consider a plan to eliminate a requirement that most employers pay overtime after eight hours of work a day.
The board specifically sought action from the agencies regulating the nation's highways, railroads, waterways and airlines to adopt scientifically-based hours of work regulations.
Under wage rules, an employee who reports for work on a special nonworking day is entitled to an additional 30 percent of his or her daily rate for the first 8 hours of work and another 30 percent of their hourly rate for overtime work.
Total quantity or scope: Lot 1 EAE Itzehoe with about 2,000 working hours per annum in the field of maintenance of outdoor areas and about 400 hours of work p.