House Mouse

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House Mouse


(Mus musculus), a mammal of the family Muridae of the order Rodentia. The body measures 7-10.8 cm long and the tail, 4.2-10.2 cm. The house mouse is distributed almost throughout the world, except the arctic and antarctic. It is a wild species of southern origin. It utilizes the foodstuffs and domiciles of man, as a result of which it has extended its natural area of distribution greatly, living almost everywhere. Under natural conditions it digs short simple burrows or uses those of other rodents. The female gives birth to five-seven offspring. The house mouse is omnivorous. Under favorable wintering conditions and when there is abundant food, massive reproduction is possible and its numbers increase enormously. It is a pest of grain crops and destroys and fouls foodstuffs. Further, it harbors the carriers of plague; in southern regions it is the chief source of human infection with tularemia. The house mouse served as the starting point for breeding pure strains of mice used in genetic and other experimental work as laboratory animals.


Argiropulo, A. I. Semeistvo Muridaemyshi. Moscow-Leningrad, 1940. (Fauna SSSR. Mlekopytaiushchie, vol. 3, fasc. 5.)
Tupikova, N. V. “Ekologiia domovoi myshi srednei polosy SSSR.”
In Materialy k poznaniiu fauny i flory SSSR; fasc. 2: Fauna i ekologiia gryzunov. Moscow, 1947.
Freye, H. A., and H. Freye. Die Hausmaus. Wittenberg, 1960.


References in periodicals archive ?
In hunter-gatherer villages in the eastern Mediterranean region, house mice were common more than 3,000 years before the earliest known evidence for agriculture, said the findings.
A population study of house mice (Mus musculus castaneus) inhabiting rice granaries in Taiwan.
A total of 3190 specimens of house rats and 410 of house mice were trapped.
Differences in trapping and killing efficiency of Sherman, Victor and Museum Special traps for house mice.
Limited vagility of the organisms, which was one of the model's important points, and from which it derived its name, was not applicable to the house mice.
Joining the grey squirrel amongst the top 100 invasive species globally are rabbits and house mice, both of which are non-native species and were introduced to the UK around 1,000 years ago.
Joining the grey squirrel on that list are rabbits and house mice, both of which are non-native and were introduced to the UK around 1,000 years ago, the study from the Peoples' Trust for Endangered Species said.
This study is an extension from the research paper "Fostering house mice onto rats and deer mice: Effects on response to species odors.
House mice are so active and have such small stomachs that they must feed at least twice a day.
I can reveal that Mary is doing well and she and her dear pal Ella Cotter (played by the wonderful Babs Rafferty) have a successful cleaning business called The House Mice.
We also captured 123 Blarina carolinensis (southern short-tailed shrews), 12 house mice, 10 Microtus pinetorum (pine voles), 5 Oryzomys palustris (rice rats), 4 Microtus ochrogaster (prairie voles) and 1 Zapus hudsonius (meadow jumping mouse).