House of Worship


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House of Worship

 

a building intended for the performance of divine services and religious rituals. Types of houses of worship and the history of their development are determined not only by religious requirements but also by the general development of architecture and building techniques among different peoples in various countries. The architecture of all types of houses of worship (ancient sanctuary, Christian church, Muslim mosque, Jewish synagogue, Buddhist temple) has been influenced by the development of architecture in various countries and has, thus, acquired a vivid national distinctiveness. The importance of a house of worship often goes beyond the cult functions carried out and the religious ideas embodied. Conceptions of the universe are reflected in the symbolism of the architecture and ornament.

In many eras, particularly during the Middle Ages in Europe, houses of worship were also used for public meetings and secular ceremonies and served as memorials to individuals or events. Monumental houses of worship stood out among ordinary buildings and were located in the focal points of cities, having a great effect on urban planning. In the age of capitalism the design of houses of worship became eclectic. Only in the second half of the 20th century has the design of houses of worship become, in comparison with other branches of construction, less subject to practical and economic demands, attracting architects interested in new forms and lighting effects and in new emotionally expressive spatial solutions based on the use of new combinations of old designs. In the USSR those houses of worship that are outstanding monuments of national architecture are protected by the state.

References in periodicals archive ?
NORTE DEL CAUCA, Colombia -- The design for the local Baha'i House of Worship in the Norte del Cauca region of Colombia was unveiled at a meeting in September at the site designated for its construction.
GE-l said he is pleased to visit the Alevi house of worship and "listened and took notes" when DE-zgE-n spoke.
The Bahai House of Worship, popularly referred to as the "Lotus Temple" because of its award-winning design inspired by the lotus flower, is one of the most visited buildings in the world.
They bring that background to Wybron to expand the company's house of worship consultative services.
Its arched doorways beckon us: Come, enter this house of worship.
The acre of land on Topanga Canyon Boulevard in Chatsworth where the old wooden church had stood since 1903 -- the first house of worship in the Northwest Valley -- had been sold to a developer.
In determining what levels to fund houses of worship, factors considered were poverty level of the area in which the house of worship is located; gap between total repair costs and insurance received as well as funding from other sources, such as donations; and extent to which $35,000 brings the house of worship's restoration close to completion.
They would lose for the same reason that a Zoroastrian family could not successfully sue a Lutheran church for refusing to provide a funeral service for dear departed Dad: you simply can't force a house of worship to provide you with its sacraments.
Summary: His Highness Shaikh Saud bin Rashid Al Mu'alla, Member of Supreme Council and Ruler of Umm Al Quwain, opened today the Sheikh Ahmed bin Rashid Al Mu'alla Mosque in Umm Al Quwain and offered Friday prayer on the new house of worship.
A historic house of worship that no longer has an active congregation and isn't used for regular worship--a structure that functions as a museum--can reasonably receive tax aid alongside an art or history museum.