Japanese Raisin Tree

(redirected from Hovenia dulcis)
Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.

Japanese Raisin Tree

 

(Hovenia dulcis), a deciduous tree of the family Rhamnaceae, which reaches a height of 10 m (rarely up to 20 m). Its crown is spreading. The petiolate leaves are ovoid or ovoid-cordate. The small, white, aromatic flowers are in axillary or terminal cymes. The aggregate fruits are dry, trilocular, and indehiscent.

The Japanese raisin tree, which is native to China, is cultivated in India (the Himalayas) and Japan. The dried fruit stalks (the upper overgrown parts of the main stem of the inflorescence) are eaten as a sweet. When the fruits are ripe, they contain 20-23 percent sugar; the dried fruits have a sugar content of up to 48 percent. In the USSR the Japanese raisin tree has been cultivated successfully in the warmest regions of the Caucasus, Middle Asia, and the Crimea (sometimes the shoots freeze). The plant is propagated by seeds and by cuttings from the roots and the mature stems.

Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
Number collected Number of egg masses laid Date Host plant Nymph Adult (eggs/mass) collected [total eggs] (a) 6 Sep 2014 Solanum corymbiflorum 12 0 13 5 Oct 2014 Solanum corymbiflorum 2 5 13-14 (b) 23 Dec 2014 Glycine max 31 8 [168] 22 Mar 2015 Hovenia dulcis 42 19 no data Nymph emergence, Development time survivorship to (egg to adult) Date 2nd instara (d) (a) collected (a)(%) 6 Sep 2014 70.
Nao foi observada diferenca significativa entre as madeiras do hibrido clonal e Hovenia dulcis pelo teste de Tukey (P>0,05), para esta mesma caracteristica.
Anatomy, ultrastructure and chemical composition of food bodies of Hovenia dulcis (Rhamnaceae).
Sobre Hovenia dulcis Thunberg, BRASIL: Sao Paulo, Mogi Mirim, Horto Forestal, 2 Jun.
Quando analisada cada uma das areas, as especies mais abundantes, com suas respectivas sindromes de dispersao e numero de individuos, foram no PNI: Euterpe edulis (zoocorica; 159 individuos); Sorocea bonplandii (zoocorica; 99) e Guarea kunthiana (zoocorica; 57), no FS: Machaerium stipitatum (anemocorica; 37); Chrysophyllum gonocarpum (zoocorica; 26) e Sorocea bonplandii (zoocorica; 23), no FT: Euterpe edulis (zoocorica; 125); Chrysophyllum gonocarpum (zoocorica; 34) e Sorocea bonplandii (zoocorica; 30), no FRi: Inga striata (zoocorica; 68); Handroanthus impetiginosus (anemocorica; 55) e Senegalia polyphylla (autocorica; 43) e no FRt foram: Psidium guajava (zoocorica; 129), Hovenia dulcis (zoocorica; 57) eMachaerium stipitatum (anemocorica; 61).
Das especies amostradas, Hovenia dulcis e exotica para o Brasil, e Apuleia leiocarpa, Cedrela fissilis e Gleditsia amorphoides enfrentam risco de extincao elevado na natureza (CENTRO NACIONAL DE CONSERVACAO DA FLORA, 2013), sendo que a ultima raramente e amostrada em inventarios fitossociologicos no sul do Brasil.
2002), apenas o fruto da Hovenia dulcis e utilizado como alimento e varios compostos foram isolados do extrato da uvado-japao, dentre eles flavonoides e polissacarideos complexos.
Selle (2009) tambem utilizou esta mesma funcao para descrever o crescimento em altura dominante em distintos sitios implantados com Hovenia dulcis Thunberg na regiao central do estado do Rio Grande do Sul, demonstrando que a funcao de Backman e bastante flexivel para descrever diferentes tendencias de crescimento.