Howitzer Cannon

Howitzer Cannon


an artillery gun that combines the properties of two types of guns, the howitzer and the cannon. It is part of the troop artillery (called field artillery in foreign armies).

The howitzer cannon has a caliber of 90 mm and higher. The cannon has a barrel length of from 25 to 40 calibers and uses a multisectional charge; the initial shell velocity is 550-700 m/sec, the range of fire is from 15 to 20 km, and the rate of fire is from three to five rounds per minute. Most modern howitzer cannons are self-propelled; the old systems have mechanical traction. With the use of small charges a howitzer cannon can fire at an angle of elevation of up to 65° and can perform as a howitzer. With bigger charges a howitzer cannon has the capability of a cannon.

The first howitzer cannons were tested in Germany in 1915. After World War I (1914-18) they also appeared in armies of other countries (the Netherlands, France, the USA, the USSR); they were widely used in World War II (1939-45). In the Soviet army during the Great Patriotic War (1941-45), towed and self-propelled 152-mm howitzer cannons of the 1937 model were used. The further development of the howitzer cannon aims at creating a similar type of gun with a more powerful charge and a greater range of fire.


References in periodicals archive ?
2000 -- A celebration was held at Shuwaikh Port marking arrival of the Chinese 155-mm Howitzer cannon and its accessories to the country.
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Software Professional Services Team is working with Team Crusader, a project whose goal is to design and develop the next generation of howitzer cannon artillery.
The Royal Marine Cadets will build a Drumhead for a service of remembrance taking place in front of the park's Howitzer Cannon while two spitfires from The Battle of Britain Memorial Flight will honour the occasion with a fly past during the afternoon.
Activities include the firing of a Howitzer cannon, fiesta dancers, tours, children's activities and more.
Figures show that Houthis seized a total of 120 (T55-T62) tanks, 70 (BTR--BMB) armored cars, 20 Howitzer Cannons, 10 Katyusha rocket launchers, 100 Grade surface-to-surface heat seeking and anti aircraft missiles, 100 armored vehicles carrying heavy and medium machine guns and hundreds of other military vehicles and dozens of ammunition warehouses.
A column of 32 tanks, 16 howitzer cannons and 30 trucks carrying troops and equipment crossed the border into separatist-held Lugansk region Thursday, Ukrainian military spokesman Andriy Lysenko said, adding that another convoy including three mobile radar stations had also entered the same area.
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Harrison returned fire--with the biggest gun he could find, one of four D-30 122mm Howitzer cannons.