Hu Yaobang


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Related to Hu Yaobang: Tiananmen Square, Hua Guofeng

Hu Yaobang

(ho͞o` you`bäng`), 1915–89, Chinese Communist political leader, b. Hunan prov. A protegé of Deng XiaopingDeng Xiaoping
or Teng Hsiao-p'ing
, 1904–97, Chinese revolutionary and government leader, b. Sichuan prov. Deng became a member of the Chinese Communist party while studying in France (1920–25) and later (1926) attended Sun Yatsen Univ., Moscow.
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, Hu became general secretary of the Communist party in 1980 and party chairman in 1981, effectively replacing Hua GuofengHua Guofeng
or Hua Kuo-feng
, 1920–2008, Chinese Communist leader. He was relatively unknown until he became minister of public security and deputy premier in 1975. As Mao Zedong's designated heir, he became premier following Zhou Enlai's death (Jan.
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 as leader of the Communist party. In the wake of student demonstrations for greater democracy, to which he was thought to be sympathetic, he was forced to resign as party secretary in 1987. In 1989, upon his death, students renewed their protests in Tiananmen SquareTiananmen Square,
large public square in Beijing, China, on the southern edge of the Inner or Tatar City. The square, named for its Gate of Heavenly Peace (Tiananmen), contains the monument to the heroes of the revolution, the Great Hall of the People, the National Museum of
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.

Hu Yaobang

1915--89, Chinese statesman; leader of the Chinese Communist Party (1981--87)
References in periodicals archive ?
In the early days of China's reform, Xi Zhongxun kept good relations with then CPC General Secretary Hu Yaobang, an aggressive reform-minded leader whose death in April 1989 gave rise to the immediate student demonstrations in Tiananmen Square.
The banquet hosted by Hu is also the first for a Japanese prime minister since 1986, when then leader Hu Yaobang hosted then Prime Minister Yasuhiro Nakasone, according to the Japanese Foreign Ministry.
Since Nakasone had confidence in the reliability of his relations with Hu Yaobang, secretary general of the Chinese Communist Party, he thought the problem could be resolved without too much trouble, and ordered then Foreign Minister Shintaro Abe, who planned to visit Beijing from Oct.
Among the best known Chinese leaders of the twentieth century, Sun Yat-sen, Deng Xiaoping, Zhu De, Hu Yaobang and Zhao Ziyang are all found to be Hakkas.
Apparently the main factor was his concern about the potential impact on the political fortunes of Hu Yaobang, then general secretary of the Chinese Communist Party.
The demonstrations at the time began with wreath-layings in honor of Hu Yaobang, a former general secretary who died.
Bo also played a role in the resignation of Hu Yaobang as general secretary of the party in January 1987.
It was the death of a lesser senior leader of China in April 1989, the former Communist Party chief Hu Yaobang that unleashed vast demonstrations for a more open and accountable political system, as pro-democracy students used Hu's memorial services as an opening to air their grievances.
Chinese leaders plan to commemorate the 90th birthday of the late Hu Yaobang, a former Communist Party chairman and catalyst for the 1989 pro-democracy movement, a government spokesman said Tuesday.
Portraying themselves as Chinese patriots, students filled the large public square to commemorate the death of Communist Party General Secretary, Hu Yaobang, who was ousted by the party in 1987 for opposing the harsh treatment of the regime's critics.
About 350 officials and celebrities gathered Friday morning for a closed-door event at the Great Hall of the People to remember the late Hu Yaobang, an ousted former Communist Party chief whose death sparked the 1989 democracy movement.