Hohhot

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Hohhot

(hō-hōt) or

Huhehot

(ho͞ohāhōt`), city (1994 est. pop. 683,200), capital of the Inner Mongolian Autonomous Region, N China. The terminus of caravan routes to Xinjiang and to the Republic of Mongolia, Hohhot is also connected by rail with Beijing and is a trade center for NW China. Manufactures include chemicals, textiles, fertilizers, agricultural machinery, construction materials, and beet sugar and other processed foods. Hohhot consists of two sections. The old town is a Mongolian political and religious center dating from the 9th cent. It was the seat of the Living Buddha until his removal (1664) to Urga (see UlaanbaatarUlaanbaatar
or Ulan Bator
[Mongolian,=red hero], Chinese Kulun, city (2010 est. pop. 1,500,000), capital of the Republic of Mongolia, E central Mongolia, on the Tola River.
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). The newer Chinese section, which grew around the railway station after 1921, is the administrative center. Hohhot is the seat of Inner Mongolian Univ., a medical college, and several technical institutes. The city was called Guisui (Kweisui) until 1954.

Hohhot

, Huhehot, Hu-ho-hao-t'e
a city in N China, capital of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region (since 1954); previously capital of the former Suiyüan province; Inner Mongolia University (1957). Pop.: 998 000 (2005 est.)