Huang Hsing

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Huang Hsing


Born Oct. 25, 1874, in Ch’angsha; died Oct. 31, 1916, in Shanghai. Chinese bourgeois revolutionary.

Huang founded the revolutionary organization Hua-hsing Hui in 1904 and was its leader. In 1905 he helped establish the Chinese national revolutionary organization T’ung-meng Hui; apart from Sun Yat-sen he was the most influential figure in the organization.

Between 1907 and 1910, Huang organized a series of armed uprisings in the provinces of Kwangtung, Kiangsu, and Yunnan. He led the Canton Uprising in April 1911, and he was a principal leader of the Hsinhai Revolution of 1911–13. Between January and March 1912, Huang served as minister of war in the Nanking republican government. He was an influential figure in the Kuomintang, which was formed in 1912.

In the summer of 1913, Huang fought in the Second Revolution, but in July of that year he left the ranks of the rebels; he went first to Japan and then to the USA. Huang returned to China in 1916.


Novata istoriia Kitaia. Moscow, 1972.
Hsüeh Chün-tu. Huang Hsing and the Chinese Revolution. Stanford, 1961.
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Co-directed by lenser-turned-helmer Zhang Li and Chan (credited as general director), "1911" was commissioned to honor the centenary of the Xinhai Revolution led by Stm Yat-sen and his military deputy Huang Xing, ending an era of Chinese monarchy and feudalism.
In this period, he worked closely with Huang Xing in creating a series of revolutionary groups.
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During Yuan Shih-kai's reign Sun went to Japan once again and had a falling out with Huang Xing over a change in policy.
Joseph Esherick has articulately pinpointed as to how and why the revolutionary groups within that complicated period between October 10, 1911, and January 1, 1912, eventually decided to nominate Sun as the first president of the republic over other possible candidates, Li Yuanhong, Huang Xing, and Yuan Shikai.