Hudson River school

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Hudson River school,

group of American landscape painters, working from 1825 to 1875. The 19th-century romantic movements of England, Germany, and France were introduced to the United States by such writers as Washington Irving and James Fenimore Cooper. At the same time, American painters were studying in Rome, absorbing much of the romantic aesthetic of the European painters. Adapting the European ideas about nature to a growing pride in the beauty of their homeland, for the first time a number of American artists began to devote themselves to landscape painting instead of portraiture. They were particularly attracted by the grandeur of Niagara Falls and the scenic beauty of the Hudson River valley, the Catskills, and the White Mts. The works of these artists reflected a new concept of wilderness—one in which man was an insignificant intrusion in a landscape more beautiful than fearsome. First of the group of artists properly classified with the Hudson River school was Thomas Doughty; his tranquil works greatly influenced later artists of the school. Albert Bierstadt glorified the Rocky Mts. in the West, working in the same manner as the painters in the East. Thomas Cole, whose dramatic and colorful landscapes are among the most impressive of the school, may be said to have been its leader during the group's most active years. Among the other important painters of the school are Asher B. Durand, J. F. Kensett, S. F. B. Morse, Henry Inman, Jasper Cropsey, Frederick E. Church, and, in his earlier work, George Inness. See articles on individual painters.


See B. Novak, American Painting in the Nineteenth Century (1969); J. K. Howat, The Hudson River and Its Painters (1972); E. C. Parry 3d, The Art of Thomas Cole (1988); D. Schuyler, Sanctified Landscape: Writers, Artists, and the Hudson River Valley, 1820–1909 (2012).

References in periodicals archive ?
Angela Miller suggested in the 1990s that we should rename the Hudson River School 'The First New York School', as a key precursor to the triumphalist moment of Abstract Expressionism.
The brochure said to look for Kaaterskill Clove, a gorge that was a popular subject for the Hudson River School.
His multifaceted career spanned over 60 years, from the inception of a national cultural identity using scenery, through the rise of the Hudson River School.
19th century American selections include works by the Hudson River School artists Thomas Cole ("Landscape with Two Figures at Sunset," US$150,000-250,000) and Frederick Edwin Church, whose 10 x 14 inch depiction of "Lake Lucerne" in Switzerland is estimated at US$80,000-120,000.
But the same is true of Hudson River School Visions by Kevin J Avery et al (Yale: pounds 40) a book which is another joy for someone you know who loves fine paintings.
His style of landscape painting was influenced by the Hudson River School painters, which included such artists as Thomas Cole (1801-1848) and Asher B.
Everything from Colonial portraiture to the Hudson River School of landscapes to 20th-century modernism is touched on in this show, with artists including Rembrandt Peale, Edward Hopper and Andy Warhol.
Part III, ``Wilderness and the West'': Hughes studies the influence of landscape and the Wild West on American art, from the Hudson River School to Frederic Remington and Mount Rushmore.
Thus Thomas Cole, for example--setting the theme for the distinguished Hudson River School of landscape painting--noted proudly: "In America, all nature is new to art.
Paintings by the Hudson River School artists, in particular, are on display, including one of the country's most famous paintings: Albert Bierstadt's Domes of Yosemite.
In her middle adult years, she began exploring photography and many of her pictures, such as images of winter and cranberry bogs in Marston Mills, and the moors near the Bronte family domicile, have serene qualities of oil paintings by the seventh-century little Dutch masters and by the nineteenth-century painters of the Hudson river school.
In these parts, painters have had the upper hand, from bucolic Hudson River School scenes to Winslow Homer's churning waves to the bonhomie captured by Porter's brother Fairfield.

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