Hugo von Hofmannsthal

(redirected from Hugo von Hoffmansthal)

Hofmannsthal, Hugo von

 

Born Feb. 1, 1874, in Vienna; died July 15, 1929, in Rodaun. Austrian writer and essayist. Descended from an aristocratic family.

Hofmannsthal studied law and philology in Vienna and began publishing in the 1890’s. He devoted his talent to impressionism, symbolism, and neoromanticism. Repulsion for bourgeois reality and the uninspired naturalism in literature led Hofmannsthal to the cult of beauty and pleasures (his one-act drama The Death of Titian, 1892). His collection Poems and Short Plays (1907), along with damaging attitudes, expressed the dream of a life full of value, which aestheticism or hedonism cannot provide (the play Death and the Fool, 1894; published 1899). However, in Hofmann-sthal’s free adaptations of tragedies by Sophocles and Euripides (Electra, 1904–06, and Oedipus and the Sphinx, 1906) the heroes embody cruelty and pathological sensitivity, or they are the involuntary victims of fate. In the stylized medieval-type mystery plays (Everyman, 1911, and The Great Salzburg Theater of the World, 1922) there is a deepening of the decadent ideas of pessimism and mysticism. Hofmannsthal had a hostile attitude toward the October Revolution in Russia, and he aristocratically repudiated the power of the people (the drama The Tower, 1925).

WORKS

Gesammelte Werke, vols. 1–12. Frankfurt am Main, 1947–56.
Die Gedichte und kleinen Dramen. Leipzig, 1958.
In Russian translation:
Dramy. Moscow, 1906.

REFERENCES

Aksel’rod, I. Literaturno-kriticheskie ocherki. Minsk, 1923.
Istoriia nemetskoi literatury, vol. 4. Moscow, 1968.
Hammelmann, H. A. Hugo von Hofmannsthal. New Haven, Conn., 1957.
Hamburger, M. H. von Hofmannsthal. Göttingen [1964].
Weber, H. H. von Hofmannsthal: Bibliographie .... Berlin, 1966.

G. S. SLOBODKIN

References in periodicals archive ?
While the segment about the status of women as conveyed in Die Frau ohne Schatten fits the film's objective, the filmmaker fails to mention that Strauss's long-time librettist and collaborator, Hugo von Hoffmansthal, based the Dyer and his Wife directly on Richard and Pauline Strauss.
Hugo von Hoffmansthal wrote many of the librettos (texts) for Richard Strauss operas such as "Rosenkavalier" and "Arabella".
La depauperizacion extrema del lenguaje, el resquebrajamiento de la intimidad del sujeto en aras del espectaculo politico y social, y la vacuidad e ineficacia del orden etico imperante, son algunos de los problemas abordados por escritores como Karl Krauss, Arthur Schnitzler, Hugo von Hoffmansthal en una gran cantidad de obras periodisticas, literarias y dramaticas.
Tras restaurar el prestigio de Joseph Roth, Arthur Schnitzler, Hugo von Hoffmansthal, Franz Blei, Italo Svevo o Heimito von Doderer, hizo Magris la tarea que compete a los grandes criticos: configurar una familia espiritual en terminos contemporaneos y reunirla en un paisaje historico.