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Ecology a small community of plants within a larger association



in its broad sense the aggregate of the historically established forms of joint human activity.

Society, a unique and the highest stage in the development of living beings, manifests itself in the functioning and development of social organizations, institutions, and groups, and in the inner workings of class and other social contradictions. In its narrow sense “society” can mean a historically specific type of social system, such as a capitalist society; a particular social structure belonging to such a type, such as Japanese feudalism; or a particular form of social relations, for example, society as contrasted to the state in Hegel.

The central problem of all theories of society throughout the history of sociophilosophical thought has been the explanation of the nature of social ties and of man’s correspondingly social nature. Different solutions of this problem also determine to a great degree the treatment of different types of social activity, including individual actions. A truly scientific theory of society was first created by the founders of Marxism-Leninism.


A secondary or minor plant community forming part of a community.
An organization of individuals of the same species in which there are divisions of resources and of labor as well as mutual dependence.
References in periodicals archive ?
It will upset and anger some but will likely leave readers with a deeper understanding of restoration ecology and a more hopeful outlook on the possibilities for forging a new relationship between human society and nature.
Both are necessary for human society to function, and they complement each other.
Every human society has some kind of education, giving children the training needed for them to be what their condition or class requires: farmer, merchant, soldier, craftsman, priest.
In this light she reviews, in the language of the lay person, what philosophers from Plato and Aristotle to Mill, Kant and Nietzsche have had to say about victims, hatred, power, justice, responsibility and all those other concepts which are inherent in human society.
And he added: "A global human society based on poverty for many and prosperity for a few, characterised by islands of wealth, surrounded by a sea of poverty, is unsustainable.
The problem for Lewontin and others like him is that the faith in industrial agriculture as an eternal pillar of human society is getting harder to maintain, not because of the attacks of its opponents but because of the increasingly manifest failures of industrial agriculture itself: massive soil erosion, soil degradation, pollution by toxic chemicals, pollution by animal factory wastes, depletion of aquifers, runaway subsidies, the spread of pests and diseases by the long-distance transportation of food, mad cow disease, indifferent cruelty to animals, the many human sufferings associated with agricultural depression, exploitation of "cheap" labor, the abuse of migrant workers.
His book, The Gates of Janus, Serial Killing and its Analysis, contains vicious attacks on religion, human nature and the behaviour of elites in human society.
Well crafted and finely tuned to the special ethos of the place, it combines the sensuous, physical and intellectual to create a space in which it is possible to be reflective or active; to be close to nature and cultivate human society, and to develop in mind and spirit as well as in body.
Yet, after memories of the Great Hall of the People and the Great Wall fade, I know that I will always remember the people I met: individuals engaged in every variety of endeavor human society has devised, from pre-industrial farmers tilling fields with oxen to cell-phone-toting entrepreneurs.
He shows how this process of evolution has influenced the rise and fall of civilizations since the beginning of human society and why it is critical that we understand it to ensure the healthy, safe progress of the race.
What Louis Werner's article about dogs in the New World makes clear, is that dogs as hangers-on in human society were man's faithful companions in both the Old and New World before 1492.