Hun Sen


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Hun Sen

(ho͝on sĕn), 1952–, Cambodian political leader, premier of Cambodia (1985–93, 1998–; second premier, 1993–98). A member of the Khmer RougeKhmer Rouge
, name given to native Cambodian Communists. Khmer Rouge soldiers, aided by North Vietnamese and Viet Cong troops, began a large-scale insurgency against government forces in 1970, quickly gaining control over more than two thirds of the country.
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 from 1970, he fled to Vietnam with Heng SamrinHeng Samrin
, 1934–, Cambodian politician. He was president of Cambodia from 1979 to 1991 and headed the Communist party from 1981 to 1991. A regimental commander of the Khmer Rouge during the civil war (1970–75), he sought refuge in Vietnam from Pol Pot's purges
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 and other Communists in 1977. When the Vietnamese army invaded Cambodia, Hun Sen returned, becoming foreign minister (1979–85) in Heng Samrin's Vietnamese-backed, anti–Khmer Rouge, Communist government. In 1985, Hun Sen became premier and soon was the most powerful member of the Cambodian government. After the signing (1991) of a peace agreement with both the Khmer Rouge and Norodom SihanoukSihanouk, Norodom
, 1922–2012, king of Cambodia (1941–55, 1993–2004), b. Phnom Penh. Sihanouk was educated in Saigon (now Ho Chi Minh City) and Paris and was elected king by a royal council in 1941.
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's forces and then national elections in 1993, Hun Sen became copremier with royalist Prince Norodom Ranariddh. In 1997, after a period of tension in the coalition, Hun Sen's forces moved against Ranariddh and his allies, and Ranariddh fled the country. In disputed elections in 1998, Hun Sen's Cambodian People's party won, and he became sole premier in coalition with Ranariddh's party; after protracted negotiations, the coalition was renewed after the 2003 elections. He remained premier after the 2008 elections, when his party won in a landslide, and after the closer 2013 elections. His government has been intolerant of political opposition, often convicting opponents of spurious charges, and he and his family have been accused of using his premiership to enrich themselves.
References in periodicals archive ?
Hun Sen made the move after returning the same day from Tokyo where he promised to implement reforms at a meeting of donor nations and international aid agencies in return for a one-year aid package to Cambodia worth 470 million dollars.
Cambodian Prime Minister Hun Sen said Thursday that Prince Norodom Ranariddh, a former prime minister, will have to sacrifice his current position as chief advisor to the king if he opts to return to politics.
Komura made the pledge to visiting Cambodian Prime Minister Hun Sen during a two-hour meeting at the Foreign Ministry's Iikura guest house, a ministry official told reporters.
Cambodian Prime Minister Hun Sen said Monday that no government officials would be punished for last week's stampede in the capital that killed more than 300 people.
Cambodian Prime Minister Hun Sen said Wednesday he cannot be satisfied with relations with Thailand as long as the Thai military maintains a presence inside Cambodian territory.
The chief of Cambodia's anticorruption commission has apologized for planning to unveil a massive statue of Prime Minister Hun Sen at his commission's headquarters, a letter seen Friday showed.
Cambodia's top court announced Wednesday it has upheld lower courts' conviction of an opposition lawmaker for defaming Prime Minister Hun Sen.
Cambodian Prime Minister Hun Sen on Monday slammed Surin Pitsuwan, secretary general of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations, for a critical comment he made on a rocket launching test by Cambodia.
Prime Minister Hun Sen said Wednesday that Cambodia will conduct a multiple rocket launching test next week.
Cambodian Prime Minister Hun Sen, ignoring Thailand's protests, on Saturday made a brief visit to the Preah Vihear Temple in a disputed area near the Thai border, his first trip to the ancient temple since it was registered as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in July 2008.
The Thai Foreign Ministry said Sunday that Thailand will maintain its territorial claim to a disputed border area with Cambodia, a day after Cambodian Prime Minister Hun Sen made a visit to a border temple through territory claimed by Thailand.
Phnom Penh: Cambodian strongman Prime Minister Hun Sen on Monday threatened opposition leader Sam Rainsy with legal action over a letter to the nation's king that appeared to rebuke the monarch for endorsing parliament.