Hupeh


Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.
Related to Hupeh: Hupei

Hupeh:

see HubeiHubei
or Hupeh
, province (2010 pop. 57,237,740), c.72,000 sq mi (186,480 sq km), central China. The capital is Wuhan (formerly it was Wuchang, which is now part of Wuhan).
..... Click the link for more information.
, China.

Hupeh

 

a province in China, immediately north of Tungt’ing Hu and transversed by the middle course of the Yangtze River. Area, 180,000 sq km. Population, 34.9 million (1975). The capital is Wuhan. The terrain is mainly flat or gently undulating, and there are many lakes. The climate is subtropical and monsoonal.

The economy of Hupeh is based on agriculture, especially the raising of crops. Approximately 30 percent of the land is under cultivation; on the Ch’angchiang Plain the figure reaches 80 percent. More than half of the cultivated land is irrigated. There are generally two harvests per year. The most important grain crops are rice (which accounts for 70 percent of the gross yield of grain), wheat, barley, maize, and millet. The major industrial crops are cotton, ramie, sesame, peanuts, rape, tea, tobacco, and sugarcane. Citrus fruits, apples, and pears are grown. Draft animals, swine, and domestic fowl are raised. Forest products include tung oil, timber, and cork. There is freshwater fishing and fish-farming.

The large-scale mining of iron ore at Tayeh led to the development of ferrous metallurgy and metalworking in Hupeh. Wuhan, which is one of the major metallurgical centers of the country, has a large metallurgical complex. Machine building includes the manufacture of heavy machinery, electrical and power equipment, textile and agricultural machinery, railroad cars, and river boats. Traditional industries include food processing and cotton textiles.

The major cities of Hupeh are Wuhan, Huangshih, Ich’ang, Shashih, Hsiangfan, Kuanghua, and Enshih. There is navigation on the Yangtze River and its tributaries.

K. N. CHERNOZHUKOV

In ancient times Hupeh was inhabited by Man and Yi tribes. Settlement by the Chinese began in the ninth and eighth centuries B.C. From the seventh to fourth centuries the region was part of the Ch’u kingdom, and later it was incorporated into various administrative divisions of the Chinese Empire.

In the first century A.D., Hupeh was caught up in the peasant uprising known as the Red Eyebrow Rebellion. In the second century the Rebellion of the Yellow Turbans spread to the area. The army of insurgent peasants led by Huang Ch’ao operated in the region in the ninth century. The area that now forms Hupeh was included in the regions of Hupeh and Hsinghsi from the tenth to 12th centuries and in Hukuang Province from the 13th to 17th centuries. The present boundaries of Hupeh Province were established in 1668.

From 1852 to 1856 part of Hupeh was occupied by Taiping rebels. Foreign capital began flowing into the area in 1861; the main foreign concessions were in Hank’ou. The Hsinhai Revolution began in October 1911 in Wuch’ang, which was then the capital of Hupeh. One of the first Communist circles in China arose in 1920 in Hank’ou. During the revolution of 1925–27, from late 1926 to July 1927 the Wuhan government of China was located in Hank’ou. From 1928 to 1935 there were several revolutionary strongholds (soviet regions) in Hupeh.

During the Chinese national liberation war against the Japanese aggressors (1937–45), most of Hupeh was occupied by Japanese forces. Hupeh was freed from the Kuomintang in May and June of 1949 by the People’s Liberation Army of China.

V. P. ILIUSHECHKIN

Hubei

, Hupeh, Hupei
a province of central China: largely low-lying with many lakes. Capital: Wuhan. Pop.: 60 020 000 (2003 est.). Area: 187 500 sq. km (72 394 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
Further ahead is a large red and green building with a curved balcony - this is the Hupeh Association.
masson pine Pinus massoniana, dyetree Platycarya strobilacea, beautiful sweetgum Liquidambar formosana and Hupeh rosewood Dalbergia hupeana (Song & Qu 1996, Xu et al.
davidii for its numerous and attractive seed capsules (not flowers) in the Hupeh and Szechwan regions of China during the years 1907-1910 from which the common garden-variety B.
Born between 1897 and 1900 in Chekiang (Zhejiang); graduated from the Paoting (Baoding) Military Academy and served briefly in the armies of several warlords before joining the Nationalist Party (KMT); worked closely with Chiang Kai-shek to establish political commissars with the KMT armies (1924-1927); served in the command group of Chiang's own I Corps during the latter part of the Northern Expedition (1927-1928); commander of Eighteenth Army (1930), then field commander of the Northern Route Bandit (Communist) Suppression Forces (summer-autumn 1934); governor of Hupeh (Hubei) and commander of the Sixth War Area, he directed the defense of Wuhan against the Japanese invaders (1938), but was blamed for the fall of Ichang (Yichang) the next year (1939); nominated by Gen.