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a confederacy of Iroquoian-speaking Indian tribes. During the 16th century they lived in 18 large villages near Lake Simcoe and Lake Huron in what is now Canada. In the early 17th century they numbered approximately 30,000 people. Their occupations were hoe farming and hunting. In 1649–50 they were defeated by the Iroquois. Some of the Hurons became members of Iroquoian tribes, and some joined other tribes. A small group settled near the city of Quebec. The modern descendants of the Hurons now live on the Lorette Indian Reservation (1967 population. 968): they have been largely assimilated by the French Canadians and have lost their native language.