Hurrian

Hurrian

 

the language of the Hurrians. Hurrian is attested in texts from the third and second millennia B.C., in which it appears in various writing systems: in Old Accadian hieroglyphics found in Navarre; in Babylonian; in Hurrian proper, written in the Accadian cuneiform system; and in a quasi-alphabetic (consonantal) script found in Ugarit. In addition to a 500-line letter from the Mitanni king Tushratta to the Egyptian pharaoh Amenhotep III, the most extensive texts in Hurrian are those from Mari and tablets from Tell el-Amarna, Boğazköy, and Ugarit. Proper names, glosses, and loanwords in Sumerian texts have also been preserved.

In grammatical structure and lexicon Hurrian is related to Urartean, with which it shares more than 20 percent of its vocabulary. The existence of an earlier Proto-Urartean-Hurrian language has been posited. Hurrian and Urartean are considered to be related to the Nakho-Dagestanian languages. Hurrian is characterized by a rich system of inflection, a highly developed system of cases, and the use of ergative constructions. Some scholars refer to Hurrian as Mitannian or Subarian.

REFERENCES

D’iakonov, I. M. lazyki drevnei Perednei Azii. Moscow, 1967.
D’iakonov. I. M. Hurrisch und Urartäisch, supplement 6. Munich, 1971.

V. P. NEROZNAK

References in periodicals archive ?
The city exhibits many monuments (such as mosques, masjids, churches, monastery and similar worship places) from different periods of its history (Subariari, Hurrian, Sumerian, Akadian, Mitanian, Hittitian," Asurian, Skitian, Babylon, Persian, Makedonian, Abgarian, Roman, Bizantium, Arab, Seljukian, Artukian and Ottoman).
with a riverine light-infantry force of just one brigade (5,000 men), even though faced with hostile Gutian, Elamite and Hurrian hill tribes to the East and marauding Amorite desert tribes to the West.
Clay tablets found at this location are written in Sumerian, Hurrian,
The dichotomies associated with this kingdom are not between sown and settled but between towns described as 'sialPIiri' or 'nuhasi', neither of which can be satisfactorily translated, but which may be Hurrian ethnic terms harking back to this area's Hurrian identity in the late third millennium BC (Eidem 2008).
He sent Westwood to see Birmingham putting specialist Paul Hurrian, who also works with Harrington.
Two weeks ago the former European No 1 decided it was time for a visit to the Birmingham "laboratory" of Paul Hurrian, a putting guru who has worked with Padraig Harrington and David Howell.
Frustrated by a putting stroke he described as "abysmal", the Ryder Cup star visited sports scientist and doctor Paul Hurrian for a putting clinic complete with cameras and mirrors in Birmingham last week.
The Englishman produced a flawless, bogey-free 65 and was delighted with his display, particularly as his putter has started behaving itself after he visited a golf laboratory run by biomechanist Dr Paul Hurrian in Birmingham.
languages--Greek, Turkish, Spanish, "perhaps Hurrian.
Some of the pottery found on the base is about 5,000 years old and linked to the Yorghun Tepe or Nuzi people of the Hurrian civilization.
We know that the Middle East of 5000 years ago was using a variety of unrelated languages, Hurrian, Egyptian, Sumerian, Elamite, Hittite, and Akkadian, where for the last 1000 years there has been nothing but Arabic and Persian.
Babylonian and Hurrian deities were worshipped alongside those of the Hittites.