animal husbandry

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animal husbandry,

aspect of agricultureagriculture,
science and practice of producing crops and livestock from the natural resources of the earth. The primary aim of agriculture is to cause the land to produce more abundantly and at the same time to protect it from deterioration and misuse.
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 concerned with the care and breedingbreeding,
in agriculture and animal husbandry, propagation of plants and animals by sexual reproduction; usually based on selection of parents with desirable traits to produce improved progeny.
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 of domestic animals such as cattle, goats, sheep, hogs, and horses. Domestication of wild animal species was a crucial achievement in the prehistoric transition of human civilization from hunting-and-gathering to agriculture. The first domesticated livestock animal may have been the sheep, which was tamed around 9000 B.C. in N Iraq. By about 7000 B.C. (and perhaps much earlier) the pig was domesticated in Anatolia; around 6500 B.C. domestic goats were kept in Mesopotamia; by 5900 B.C. (and perhaps 3,000 years earlier) there were domesticated cattle in Chad, while independently about 5500 B.C. there were domesticated cattle in SW Iran; and around 3500 B.C. the horse was domesticated on the Eurasian steppes. Nothing is known of the early development of husbandry; selective breeding for the improvement of livestock was already practiced in Roman times. Continuing systematic development and improvement of domestic livestock breeds, established in England following 1760 by Robert Bakewell and others, has been paralleled by advances in animal nutritionnutrition,
study of the materials that nourish an organism and of the manner in which the separate components are used for maintenance, repair, growth, and reproduction. Nutrition is achieved in various ways by different forms of life.
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 and veterinary medicineveterinary medicine,
diagnosis and treatment of diseases of animals. An early interest in animal diseases is found in ancient Greek writings on medicine. Veterinary medicine began to achieve the stature of a science with the organization of the first school in the field in
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.

animal husbandry

[′an·ə·məl ′həz·bən·drē]
(agriculture)
A branch of agriculture concerned with the breeding and feeding of domestic animals.
References in periodicals archive ?
His binary misreading reasserts itself: tares should no more grow alongside grain than husbandmen should have to do with beggars, industry with idleness, or virtue and power with baseness and impotence.
not because of the grooved barrel but because they could enter the red man's milieu and make the same footprints that he made; the husbandman printing deep the hard heels of his brogans because of the weight he bore on his shoulders: axe and saw and plow-stock, who dispossessed the forest man for the obverse reason: because with his saw and axe he simply removed, obliterated, the milieu in which alone the forest man could exist; then the land speculators and the traders in slaves and whiskey who followed the husbandmen, and the politicians who followed the land speculators, printing deeper and deeper the dust of that dusty widening, until at last there was no mark of Chickasaw left in it anymore.
Whether by birth they be descended from magistrates and officers of government, or from husbandmen, merchants and mechanics, or laborers; or whether they be rich or poor.
But neither hail, loathed of hardy husbandmen, nor wind, nor sun nor frost has injured me.
Nevertheless, Thoreau has no pity for his fellow husbandmen because he feels that if they could simplify their needs, they would not live under the constant threat of financial ruin.
When we reflect also that the interest of our husbandmen, the most useful of men in any community, will be advanced by the destruction of a beast so pernicious and incorrigible, we cannot greatly err in saying that a pursuit like the present, through waste and unoccupied lands, and which must inevitably and speedily have terminated in corporeal possession, or bodily seisin, confers such a right to the object of it, as to make any one a wrong-doer who shall interfere and shoulder the spoil.
Plymouth's inhabitants, in fact, for the most part were minimally educated husbandmen and artisans from England's lower classes; the colony's social culture reflected far more homogeneity than the status-conscious, merchant-oriented societies the colonists had left behind in England and the Netherlands.
Yet the whole poem is couched, as are Virgil's, as a practical bit of advice: Swift tells us, as Virgil might tell one of his husbandmen, that "Careful observers" who pay attention to the sights and sounds he describes will know "when to dread a shower.
At times they were fined for every day they did not do work for their master, their immediate masters being the husbandmen.
Amish, Mennonites, Hutterites) are superior husbandmen from whom we can learn much.
But Franklin also recognized the benefits of immigration, writing that "German immigrants are excellent husbandmen and contribute greatly to the improvement of a country.
When he introduces the story, the Ancrene Wisse author probably draws on the parable of the wicked husbandmen (Matthew xxi).