Husserl Edmund


Also found in: Dictionary.

Husserl Edmund

(1859-1938) German idealist philosopher and founder of modern PHENOMENOLOGY. His major works include Ideas for a Pure Phenomenology and Phenomenological Philosophy (1913) and The Crisis of the Human Sciences and Transcendental Phenomenology (1936). In an attempt to found certain knowledge, Husserl followed the method of Cartesian doubt (see DESCARTES) in reducing the objects of enquiry to those phenomena that we directly perceive, i.e. inner mental states. By ‘bracketing off the outside world and concentrating on consciousness it is possible to avoid unjustifiable ontological claims. Whilst his philosophy has been widely criticized for its subjectivity, it has been hugely influential. SCHUTZ's phenomenological sociology and HEIDEGGER's EXISTENTIALISM are both based on the importance of phenomena as perceived. See also PHENOMENOLOGY. SOCIOLOGICAL PHENOMENOLOGY.
Mentioned in ?