Hutzuls

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Hutzuls

 

a Ukrainian ethnic group living in the mountainous regions of the Ivano-Frankovsk and Chernovtsy oblasts, as well as in Rakhov Raion, Transcarpathian Oblast, Ukrainian SSR. They speak the Hutzul dialect of the Ukrainian language. Until the reunification of the Western Ukrainian lands with the USSR (1939–45), the Hutzuls were separated. From 1867 to World War I they were under Austro-Hungarian rule, and after World War I they were under the rule of Poland, Rumania, and Czechoslovakia. The unique conditions of the Hutzuls’ historical development determined the characteristic features of their economy, culture, everyday life, and language. From time immemorial-their principal occupations were the raising of cattle in mountain pastures, forest industries, and the floating of timber along mountain rivers. Agriculture (mainly fruit and vegetable farming) was of secondary importance. Artistic crafts were well developed, including wood carving and pyrography, the fashioning of leather and copper articles, pottery-making, and weaving. During the years of socialist construction, fundamental changes have occurred in the economy, culture, and everyday life of the Hutzuls.

REFERENCES

“Z ethohrafichnykh sposterezhen’ S. M. Kovaliva (’Hutsuly’).” Narodna tvorchist’ ta etnohrafiia, 1959, no. 4.
Zelenin, D. K. “Pro kyivs’ke pokhodzhennia karpats’kykh ukraintsiv—hutsuliv.” In Ukrains’ka etnohrafiia.Kiev, 1958.
References in periodicals archive ?
For example, the dance suite "Legend of Kupala," choreographed and performed by the Yevshan Ukrainian Folk Ballet Ensemble in the mid-seventies, was thematically based on the traditional summer Ivano Kupalo Festival as celebrated by Hutsuls in Ukraine.
This style approached Ukrainian dance much like character ballet; it reduced each ethnographic group into specific regional steps and styling, such as hand placements that were typically Hutsul, Bukovinian, Volynian, or Poltavan, and taught this style on top of common steps.
6 HUTSUL TAPESTRIES Woven in the Ukrainian city of Kosiv by Hutsuls, a group of highlanders in the Carpathian Mountains, these geometrically patterned carpets have amazingly found their way into trading stalls along Warsaw's "high street," Nowy Swiat, and are a fascinating trace of a remote culture.