Hyacinthus


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Related to Hyacinthus: Adonis, Narcissus

Hyacinthus

 

a genus of perennial bulbaceous plants of the family Liliaceae (the lily family). The flower scape is up to 40 cm in height. The leaves are bright green, canaliculate, and clustered in the shape of a rosette. The flowers are bell-shaped and have a pleasant scent. They are clustered in a spicate raceme. One species, the common hyacinth (Hyacinthus orientalis), is well known and grows wild in the western Mediterranean. It is the ancestor of all the varieties of the genus Hyacinthus and has been under cultivation since the beginning of the 15th century. Varieties of this genus are characterized by the different coloration of their flowers, by their size, and by the form and compactness of the scape. Some varieties are double-flowered and some are single-flowered.

In the southern USSR, flowers of the genus Hyacinthus bloom on open ground in March and April; in the central part of the European USSR they bloom in May. Plants of the Hyacinthus genus grow in sunny areas in slightly sandy loam soil permeable to water and air. In preparing the soil, humus (10-15 kg per sq m) and bone meal (80 g per sq m) are added. Flowers of this genus are propagated from bulbs and, less often, from seeds. Bulbs are planted at a depth of 8 to 10 cm, in the southern USSR from October to the beginning of November and in the central part of the country in September. In the central and northern regions the plants are covered with dry leaves and straw in the winter. The cover is removed in the spring. Care of the plants involves watering, supplementary fertilization, and hoeing. After the plants have finished blossoming and their leaves have died, the bulbs are dug up, dried thoroughly in a darkened, ventilated place, cleaned of earth and old husks, and kept in a dry place at 20° to 22° C until the next planting. The plants of this genus are also grown for winter flowers.

The name is derived from the ancient Greek myth of one of Apollo’s favorites, the beautiful youth Hyacinthus. Apollo grew a beautiful flower from the body or blood of Hyacinthus, whom Zephyr, the god of the wind, had killed out of jealousy.

REFERENCES

Alferov, V. A., and E. N. Zaitseva. Giatsinty, Moscow, 1963.
Kiselev, G. E. Tsvetovodstvo, 3rd ed. Moscow, 1964.

Hyacinthus

beautiful youth, accidentally killed; from his blood sprang flower marked with letters Al, a lament. [Gk. Myth: Howe, 134]
See: Grief
References in periodicals archive ?
This makes the nuanced treatment of the homoeroticism in Mozart's Apollo et Hyacinthus more remarkable.
Turner, "Dominus Hyacinthus de Archangelis: Paternity at Smiling Strife with Law," Studies in Browning and His Circle 9 (1981): 76; Roma A.
Hyacinth: The common hyacinth, Hyacinthus orientalis, may be planted in a pot and left indoors to force into bloom during the winter months.
The hyacinth plant, named in Greek mythology for Apollo's fallen male lover Hyacinthus, unites moments of domestic and romantic possibility in celebrated cosmologies of queer pasts.
Any collection that begins with a panel from Duccio's Maesta, includes Carpaccio's Young Knight, the only autograph painting of Henry VIII by Holbein and Tiepolo's wonderful Death of Hyacinthus is not to be sniffed at.
In Greek myth Hyacinthus is Apollo's young lover whom the god accidentally kills while playing a game of quoits; Eileen Gregory has observed that he is a figure to whom Pater repeatedly returns in his work.
Ben White is retained as first-person narrator of Nightspawn; the Greek myth of Hyacinthus, a throwaway pretentious story from the novella, is expanded, and the mumbled artistic dilemma of Long Lankin is subsequently expressed more clearly.
When the hero first learns the lyre, he sings of 'those of his own age in ancient times, Hyacinthus and Narcissus and something about Adonis.
Indeed, and this remains Pater's most controversial statement at the time, the Greeks were already subject to a sense of mortality and to time: "There is even a sort of preparation for the romantic temper within the limits of the Greek ideal itself," Pater writes, relying on Hegel's distinction between classical and romantic art, "For Greek religion has not merely its mournful mysteries of Adonis, of Hyacinthus, of Demeter, but it is conscious also of the fall of earlier divine dynasties.
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But his fascinating case in point is a drawing by Giuliano Romano that appears to show Apollo making love to Hyacinthus or Cyparissus.
During Oscar Wilde's prosecution for "acts of gross indecency with another male," the evidence brought against him included several of his own letters, among them a sensuously figured encomium to Lord Alfred Douglas and his "red rose-leaf lips": "I know Hyacinthus, whom Apollo loved so madly, was you in Greek days" (Letters 326).