Hydrastis canadensis


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Hydrastis canadensis

[hī‚dras·tis ‚kan·ə′den·sis]
(botany)
A perennial medicinal herb in the family Ranunculaceae from which the alkaloid hydrastine is derived. Also known as goldenseal.
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Hydrastis canadensis (Goldenseal) is an herbaceous understory perennial, native to the eastern forests of North America, and is valued for its fleshy rhizomes, which contain the important alkaloids hydrastine and berberine.
Berberine containing herbs such as Hydrastis canadensis also need to be considered.
Andrographis paniculata, Allium sativa, Hydrastis canadensis and Artemesia annua)
The flora includes two rare species (Spiranthes lucida and Triglochin palustre) and four species on the watch list (Carex leptalea, Filipendula rubra, Hydrastis canadensis, and Selaginella apoda).
Lastly, using the list on the Divisions of Nature Preserves, Indiana Department of Natural Resources website (2007), the status of several plants at the IMI wetland complex is as follows: Rare: Spiranthes lucida and Triglochin palustre; Watch List: Filipendula rubra, Hydrastis canadensis, and Selaginella apoda.
Hydrastis canadensis and Veratrum woodii were documented at Ginn Woods and Wilbur Wright Fish and Wildlife Area, respectively, but were found in greater abundance at Botany Glen (Ruch et al.