hydrotherapy

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hydrotherapy,

use of water in the treatment of illness or injury. Although the medicinal and hygienic value of water was recognized by the early Greeks, hydrotherapy attained its widest use in the 18th and 19th cent. through the practice of the British physician Sir John Floyer and an Austrian peasant, Vincenz Priessnitz. Priessnitz is credited with a number of inventions still in use including the sponge bath, the douche, and the wet sheet pack, and he is acknowledged as an important contributor to the rise of the health spa movement in Europe. Scientific hydrotherapy is based on the conduction of heat to or from the body by means of a water medium. Heated water is used for its sedative effect, and hot water vapor is used in controlled situations to relieve pain. Patients who have suffered extensive burns are often immersed in water for long periods. Maintained at skin temperature, i.e., approximately 93°F; (34°C;), the water prevents loss of body heat. Fevers are reduced by cold sponge baths taken on rubber sheets. Whirlpool baths are used to relieve painful muscle and joint conditions, and underwater exercise has proved a useful physical therapy in cases of paralysis and stiffness of the extremities.

hydrotherapy

[‚hī·drə′ther·ə·pē]
(medicine)
Treatment of disease by external application of water.

hydrotherapy

Med the treatment of certain diseases by the external use of water, esp by exercising in water in order to mobilize stiff joints or strengthen weakened muscles
References in periodicals archive ?
Hydrotherapist Sue Hawkins said: "I knew we would get Meg walking again, I was positive about it.
Canine hydrotherapist Sue Hawkins, who runs the Hawksmoor Hydrotherapy Referral and Training Centre near Nuneaton, is a leading light in this field.
And it is estimated she spent pounds 8,580 visiting hydrotherapist Chrissie Fitzgerald for fortnightly colonic irrigation.
A survey by Police Review magazine also uncovered officers working as a dog hydrotherapist, grave restorer, reiki master, falconer, hypnotist and lingerie seller.
GARDAI, hydrotherapists, postmen, teachers, farmers and accountants are among the 32 men who have made the grade to be this year's Rose Escorts.
The ISMS also worked against bills that would have set up state licensing requirements for direct-entry midwives, colon hydrotherapists, and naturopaths.
Al Swaini said that the team that will manage the medical and therapeutic services for the DRC will consist of doctors, physiotherapists, occupational therapists, hydrotherapists, speech therapists, physiologists and nutritionists.
Dr Talwar, a member of the Association and Register of Colonic Hydrotherapists (ARCH), gently massaged my stomach to get my system moving as I began to see my digestive system in action, thanks to a small mirror above the bed which showed me the waste leaving my body through the clear plastic tube.
The Kingdom is in need of occupational therapists, speech pathologists, art therapists, play therapists, hydrotherapists and physiotherapists the most.
Many websites advertise the services of colon hydrotherapists, stating, for example, 'Hydrotherapy is the gentle-ist [sic] and most effective treatment for constipation problems.
Richard Wheeler, secretary of the Association & Register of Colon Hydrotherapists, currently has 78 UK-based therapists on his books.