polycystic ovary syndrome

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polycystic ovary syndrome

a hormonal disorder in which the Graafian follicles in the ovary fail to develop completely so that they are unable to ovulate, remaining as multiple cysts that distend the ovary. The result is infertility, obesity, and hirsutism
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Cushing's disease is also rare in pregnancy; most patients with Cushing's disease are unlikely to become pregnant because of associated hyperandrogenism.
Although research into the prevalence of hyperandrogenism and polycystic ovarian syndrome in athletic populations is scarce, the available data suggest that the most common diagnosis of menstrual disturbance in Olympic athletes (Hagmar and Berglund et al.
Treatment of hirsutism, hyperandrogenism, oligomenorrhea, dyslipidemia, and hyperinsulinism in nonobese, adolescent girls: effect of flutamide.
Futterweit W, Dunaif A, Yeh HC, kingsley P: The prevalence of hyperandrogenism in 109 consecutive female patients with diffuse alopecia.
Polycystic ovaries and hyperandrogenism in women taking valproate for epilepsy.
I Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common endocrine and metabolic disorder affecting 5-10% of reproductive -aged women (1-2), characterized by hyperandrogenism, chronic anovulation, polycystic ovaries along with abdominal obesity and insulin resistance as frequent metabolic traits which in association with other features of the metabolic syndrome can lead to increased risk for type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease (CVD).
Hyperandrogenism and hyperthyroidism are classic examples of harmful actions of endogenously produced hormones.
The diagnosis of ACC involves taking a careful clinical history and performing a physical examination and diagnostic, radiologic, and laboratory testing to exclude pheochromocytoma, hyperaldosteronism, hyperandrogenism, and Cushing's syndrome (often presenting with hypertension, diabetes, virilization, and hypokalemia).
Effect of metformin therapy on hyperandrogenism in women with polycystic ovary syndrome.
If there are signs of hyperandrogenism, DHEA-S and testosterone should be checked.