hypertonic

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Related to Hypertonic solution: Hypotonic solution

hypertonic

[‚hī·pər′tän·ik]
(physiology)
Excessive or above normal in tone or tension, as a muscle.
Having an osmotic pressure greater than that of physiologic salt solution or of any other solution taken as a standard.
References in periodicals archive ?
The de-epithelialized skin was subjected to hypertonic solution, SDS (0.
Therefore, cumulative dry forage intake in the RIHS treatment was significantly reduced compared to the RIAPS control due to increases in osmolality of ruminal fluid and plasma, and thirst sensations brought about by an intraruminal infusion of hypertonic solution.
Irrigation with a Buffered Hypertonic Solution, such as provided by ENTsol(R) products, can address the underlying sinus disease and potentially lessen the need for sinus surgery.
Conversely, the use of hypertonic solutions (high in salt) was a potent inhibitor of such inflammatory signals at molecular level," Dr Pelegrin said.
Life-threatening symptoms of hypotonic encephalopathy including hallucinations, psychomotor agitation, convulsions, unconsciousness and coma are an indication for emergent treatment with intravenous hypertonic solutions such as 3% saline or mannitol.
Hypertonic solutions shrivel cells like raisins; hypotonic solutions rupture cells like over-inflated balloons.
Most importantly, SIADH supports a strategy for use of oral and intravenous hypertonic solutions including 3% sodium chloride for the emergent treatment of moderate and life-threatening symptoms of hypotonic encephalopathy.
These should entail administration of hypertonic solutions of NaCl to immediately decrease brain edema.
The ability to transfer from hypertonic solutions to normal saline solutions will virtually eliminate the