hypokalemia

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hypokalemia

[‚hī·pō·kə′lē·mē·ə]
(physiology)
A reduction in the normal amount of potassium in the blood.
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Paralytic ileus also arises with peritonitis, hypokalaemia, ischaemic bowel, sepsis and neuropathy.
At the time of commencement of this trial, investigations of intravenous potassium supplementation to correct hypokalaemia in critically ill adults had only studied intermittent infusions.
Evidence is increasing to suggest that excessive cola consumption can also lead to hypokalaemia, in which the blood potassium levels fall, causing an adverse effect on vital muscle functions.
Aminoglycosides and vancomycin when administered together in low birth weight infants caused renal tubular wasting of potassium, phosphate, and calcium, along with hypokalaemia but renal effect was temporary (15).
Dextrose solutions are not recommended as these in combination with insulin promote the passage of potassium out of the intravascular space and so increase the risk of hypokalaemia.
Finally, there are concerns that the relatively greater changes in solutes during PIRRT compared to other modalities might lead to threatening electrolyte abnormalities such as hypokalaemia and hypophosphataemia.
The most common adverse reactions seen with abiraterone acetate are peripheral oedema, hypokalaemia, hypertension and urinary tract infection.
It appears that hypokalaemia can be caused by excessive consumption of three of the most common ingredients in cola drinks - glucose, fructose and caffeine.
a) Major side-effects include renal impairment due to renal tubular toxicity, usually in the second week of therapy, hypokalaemia, hypomagnesaemia and renal tubular acidosis, anaemia, febrile reactions and chemical phlebitis.
The potential complications of sodium bicarbonate administration include volume overload, especially in patients with renal or cardiac function impairment, hypernatraemia, hypokalaemia, hypocalcaemia and alkalosis.
Electrolyte deficits (especially potassium, calcium, magnesium) or concurrent use of drugs that might cause hypokalaemia, eg furosemide.
The most common adverse reactions (greater than or equal to 5 percent) reported in the clinical study were: joint swelling or discomfort, hypokalaemia, oedema, muscle discomfort, hot flush, diarrhoea, urinary tract infection, cough, hypertension, arrhythmia, urinary frequency, nocturia, dyspepsia and upper respiratory tract infection.