hypokalemia

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Related to Hypokalaemia: hyperkalemia

hypokalemia

[‚hī·pō·kə′lē·mē·ə]
(physiology)
A reduction in the normal amount of potassium in the blood.
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On admission, hyponatraemia and hypokalaemia were present in 4 and 15 patients, respectively, and were corrected in 2-5 days, in most cases by discontinuing or modifying diuretic treatment.
3 (n=161) (n=234) Polymorph (%) (c) 52 (36,68) 46 (29,62) (n=178) (n=251) Leukaemoid reaction 8/152 (5%) 7/266 (3%) Hyponatraemia 81/179 (45%) 63/212 (30%) Hypernatraemia 17/179 (9%) 20/212 (9%) Hypokalaemia 84/179 (47%) 91/211 (43%) Hyperkalaemia 34/179 (19%) 29/211 (14%) Acidosis 141/170 (83%) 137/204 (67%) Alkalosis 5/170 (3%) 10/204 (5) High serum creatinine 52/88 (59%) 13/66 (20%) Presence of RBC in stool 77/129 (60%) 76/183 (42%) Stool pus cells >20 per high power field 48/129 (37%) 47/183 (26%) Features Odds 95% CI for p value ratio mean difference Haematocrit (%) (a) -- -2.
42 patients of the study population had hypokalaemia (K + < 3.
This time investigations revealed normal blood counts, normal CRP value, marked hypokalaemia, hyponatraemia, hypochloraemia and metabolic alkalosis.
It is known that electrolyte disorders such as hypokalaemia (10), hyponatraemia (29,30) and hypomagnesemia (7,31) are frequently observed in patients with SAH.
Hyponatraemia (<135 mEq/L), hypernatraemia (>145 mEq/L), hypokalaemia (<3.
Paraplegia, hypokalaemia and nephropathy, with muscle lesions of potassium deficiency, associated with thyrotoxicosis.
Hypokalaemia (<3 mmol/l) increases the cell membrane potential and is associated with delayed conduction causing atrial and ventricular ectopy, atrial tachycardia and AV block.
Along with hyponatraemia, hypokalaemia may be another morbid accompaniment in the subjects with COPD.
Routine investigations Investigation Condition Electrolytes and renal function Hyponatraemia, hypokalaemia, renal impairment Calcium Primary hypoparathyroidism Full blood count and white Anaemia, chronic lymphocytic blood cell differential leukaemia, myelofibrosis Erythrocyte sedimentation rate Polymyalgia rheumatica, myeloma, tuberculosis, malignancy, rheumatoid arthritis, vasculitis (neuropathy) Thyroid-stimulating hormone Hypothyroid proximal myopathy Vitamin [B.
We report a female patient who suffered from nine episodes of possible fluconazole-induced ventricular fibrillation on a background of hypokalaemia and hypocalcaemia.