In the literature, there was no association of hypokalemic
periodic paralysis with supraventricular arrhythmias.
These conditions include: 1) acute necrotizing myopathy, 2) acute hypokalemic
myopathy, and 3) chronic alcoholic myopathy.
This leads to a significant overreporting of whole-blood potassium concentrations with >33% of hypokalemic
Some of the disorders affect skeletal muscle or the neuromuscular junction, such as hypokalemic
periodic paralysis (HypoKPP) and LambertEaton myasthenic syndrome (LEMS).
Concomitant treatment with diuretics may potentiate the possible hypokalemic
effect of adrenergic agonists.
Inadvertent iodine excess causing thyrotoxic hypokalemic
paralysis: A review of the etiologies, pathophysiology, presentation, and therapy.
Characteristically ectopic ACTH production is said to cause a clinical syndrome which, unlike pituitary dependent Cushing disease is of rapid onset associated with rapid weight loss, muscle weakness, hypokalemic
metabolic alkalosis, glucose intolerance, high levels of plasma cortisol and ACTH.
Reversible causes include gastrointestinal bleeding, hypovolemia, increases in protein consumption, hypokalemic
metabolic alkalosis, hypoglycemia, infection (often SBP), constipation, hypoxia, or the use of sedatives.
Excessive diuresis can also cause hypokalemia and hypokalemic
metabolic alkalosis, which reduces the stimulatory effect of carbon dioxide on the respiratory centers, thereby impairing alveolar ventilation.
9 million individuals, comprising ~3% of the population, were hypokalemic
, whereas ~1.
licorice (of course, the plant Glycyrrhiza glabra, not the candy) can reduce serum testosterone levels by blocking the 17-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase and 17-20 lyase enzymes; however, it should be used with caution in patients who have hypertension, as one common side effect is hypokalemic