Hypospadias


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Related to Hypospadias: Hypospadias and Epispadias

hypospadias

[‚hī·pō′spād·ē·əs]
(medicine)
Congenital anomaly in which the urethra opens on the ventral surface of the penis or in the perineum.
Congenital anomaly in which the urethra opens into the vagina.

Hypospadias

 

a congenital underdevelopment of the urethra consisting in the absence of its lower wall, so that the urethra does not open, as usual, in the glans penis, but instead on the underside of the penis, the scrotum, or the perineum.

Hypospadias is the most commonly found anomaly in the development of the organs of the male urogenital system. It is manifested by impairment of urination and, in adults, of sexual functions. In strongly pronounced hypospadias sexual activity is made difficult and sometimes impossible because of deformation of the penis. In extreme cases of scrotal and perineal hypospadias mistakes in determining sex are common. No treatment is required in minor cases of hypospadias; in all other cases, surgery is necessary.

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We report for the first time a different variation of urethral duplication accompanied by mid-penile hypospadias, penile chordee, and parameatal cyst; moreover, we believe that the etiology of the these anomalies is the abnormal Mullerian duct termination.
Prevalence of hypospadias in grandsons of women exposed to diethylstilbestrol during pregnancy: a multigenerational national cohort study.
Scientists had found a gene playing a significant role in a more severe form of hypospadias, but the genetic mutations contributing to the less severe version, have proved elusive.
Hypospadias is when the tube (urethra) that carries urine and semen from the bladder to the opening at the tip of the penis is too short, leaving the opening on the underside of the penis instead of at the end.
Does a severe case of hypospadias need to be corrected in infancy?
This syndrome includes a variety of conditions that involve the male reproductive system, including undescended testes, hypospadias (an abnormality of the penis in which the urethra opens on the underside), changes in the timing of puberty, testicular cancer, and reduced fertility.
Wojcik's clinical interests include hypospadias, pediatric hernia/hydroceles, undescended testes, recurrent urinary tract infections, dysfunctional voiding issues, neuropathic bladder, fetal and childhood hydronephrosis, ureteropelvic junction obstruction and ureteral abnormalities.
HYPOSPADIAS is an abnormality of the penis that affects about one in 300 baby boys.
The most common birth defects were hypospadias and epispadias, both genital malformations, and obstructive genitourinary defects, each found in more than 13,000 newborns.
Malformations associated with valproic acid include heart defects, spina bifida, multicystic dysplastic kidney, postaxial polydactyly type B, inguinal hernia, and penile hypospadias.
The foundation's research has found a particular rise in cleft lip or palate, gastroschisis (abnormality of the abdominal wall) and hypospadias (a condition in which the opening of the penis is situated on the underside of the shaft).