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Related to Hypospadius: Hypospadias and Epispadias


Congenital anomaly in which the urethra opens on the ventral surface of the penis or in the perineum.
Congenital anomaly in which the urethra opens into the vagina.



a congenital underdevelopment of the urethra consisting in the absence of its lower wall, so that the urethra does not open, as usual, in the glans penis, but instead on the underside of the penis, the scrotum, or the perineum.

Hypospadias is the most commonly found anomaly in the development of the organs of the male urogenital system. It is manifested by impairment of urination and, in adults, of sexual functions. In strongly pronounced hypospadias sexual activity is made difficult and sometimes impossible because of deformation of the penis. In extreme cases of scrotal and perineal hypospadias mistakes in determining sex are common. No treatment is required in minor cases of hypospadias; in all other cases, surgery is necessary.

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It is very important that the presence of hypospadius be identified, especially if parents are considering circumcising their baby boy at birth.
When in doubt, it is always safest not to attempt circumcision if any form of hypospadius is suspected.
Fortunately, most cases of hypospadius are readily apparent to any doctor who is getting ready to circumcise a newborn, and it is very rare for a child to be circumcised inappropriately.
Caudal bupivacaine supplemented with caudal or intravenous clonidine in children undergoing hypospadius repair: a double blind study.
Comparison of caudal tramadol vs bupivacaine for post-operative analgesia in children undergoing hypospadius surgery.
Caudal tramadol for postoperative analgesia in paediatric hypospadius surgery.