International Atomic Energy Agency

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Atomic Energy Agency, International (IAEA),

independent intergovernmental organization established in 1957 under the aegis of the United Nations to promote safe, secure, and peaceful uses of atomic energy. It reports annually to the UN General Assembly and, when appropriate, to the Security Council. Its headquarters are in Vienna; liaison and regional offices are located in Geneva, New York, Toronto, and Tokyo. It also runs or supports four research centers and scientific labs. The IAEA has three main aims: nuclear verification and security, safety, and technology transfer. It may purchase and sell fissionable materials, offer technical assistance for peaceful nuclear energy uses, and establish safeguards to prevent diversion of nuclear materials to military use. It inspects for compliance with the Non-Proliferation Treaty, a power strengthened as a result of the findings of Iraqi violations in 1992. More recently, the organization has been involved in taking measures against the threat of nuclear terrorism. The IAEA is made up of a general conference, consisting of representatives of all member states, a board of governors of 35 members, six deputy directors general, and a secretariat of some 2,200 individuals, all headed by a director-general. There are 151 member nations. In 2005 the IAEA and its director-general, Mohamed ElBaradeiElBaradei, Mohamed
, 1942–, Egyptian lawyer and United Nations diplomat, b. Cairo, grad. Univ. of Cairo (1962), New York Univ. School of Law (1974). He worked (1964–80) in the Egyptian diplomatic service, becoming special assistant to the foreign minister
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 at the time, were awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for working to prevent the use and spread of nuclear weapons and to ensure that peaceful uses of nuclear energy were safe.

International Atomic Energy Agency:

see Atomic Energy Agency, InternationalAtomic Energy Agency, International (IAEA),
independent intergovernmental organization established in 1957 under the aegis of the United Nations to promote safe, secure, and peaceful uses of atomic energy.
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References in periodicals archive ?
In a report last month, IAEA chief Yukiya Amano said that Syria was not allowing inspectors to visit numerous suspect sites and had provided scant or inconsistent information about its atomic activities.
In the case of Iran, the IAEA did not uncover the Mullahs' nuclear activities.
A separate report the IAEA released Monday showed that no progress has been made in clarifying the nature of the Syrian facility Israel bombed in 2007 alleging it was a nuclear site under construction.
Mohamed ElBaradei, the IAEA director general, said on Tuesday that Iran had not added as many centrifuges recently as it could have and the reason was probably political rather than technical.
The Security Council strongly supports the role of the IAEA Board of Governors and commends and encourages the director-general of the IAEA and its secretariat for their ongoing professional and impartial efforts to resolve outstanding issues in Iran, and underlines the necessity of the IAEA continuing its work to clarify all outstanding issues relating to Iran's nuclear program.
Under the 1994 accord, North Korea is required to accept IAEA inspections before new reactors are installed by the Korean Peninsula Energy Development Organization, an international consortium created to implement the accord.
Jane Gerardo Abaya, Section Head Division for Asia & the Pacific Ocean, IAEA Department of Technical Cooperation, said: "Collaborative efforts in human resources development through the IAEA Technical Cooperation Program (TCP) enhance the effectiveness and efficiency of capacity building, which benefits future generations.
The JCPOA requires Iran to cooperate with the IAEA, but it doesn't require Iran to provide the IAEA with a comprehensive picture explaining all of its prior activities.
Established in 1957, the IAEA works to promote the safe, secure and peaceful use of nuclear technologies.
It also outlines detailed activities to be accomplished in the 19 infrastructure issues of the IAEA 'Milestones' approach, essential for the success of the nuclear power programme.
The IAEA has also requested that Tehran provide the IAEA with information regarding any decisions to construct new facilities, according to Amano's May and August 2012 reports.
Two days later, the deputy director and head of the Safeguards Department of the IAEA, Olli Heinonen, was quoted by an anonymous diplomatic source in an AFP story as telling a closed-door briefing of IAEA member states in Vienna that Iran's possession of the document was "alarming.