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1. a drawing to scale of a horizontal section through a building taken at a given level; a view from above an object or an area in orthographic projection
2. (in perspective drawing) any of several imaginary planes perpendicular to the line of vision and between the eye and object depicted


A two-dimensional graphic representation of the design and dimensions of the project, or parts thereof, viewed in a horizontal plane from above.



a word with various meanings in Russian, including the following.

(1) In cartography, a drawing using conventional symbols that represents on a plane a part of the earth’s surface; the scale is 1:10,000 or larger.

(2) In architecture and other fields, a horizontal cross section or top view of a building or object.

(3) In descriptive geometry, a horizontal projection.

(4) A predetermined order or sequence of carrying out a program, work project, or measure—for example, an economic plan, production plan, strategic plan, or curriclum.

(5) The scheme, design, or basic features of a written or oral work or presentation—for example, a lecture plan or the plot of a play.

(6) The way in which something is viewed, constructed, or approached—a plane or level. Examples include the phrases “on the theoretical plane” and on “on two levels.”

(7) Ground, the relative position of objects in a pictorial representation—for example, foreground, middle ground, and background; the relative dimensions of objects in a pictorial representation—for example, the word appears in the Russian terms for “close-up” and “long shot” in cinematography.



in architecture. (1) A graphic representation on a definite scale of a horizontal view of a building (or one of its floors or internal areas), a group of buildings, or a populated area as a whole or in part. Depending on its purpose, the plan may show the design of walls and supports, the arrangement of furniture, the arrangement of equipment and the layout of technological processes in industrial structures, and urban green belts and transportation networks. The plan usually characterizes the shape and configuration of a structure.

(2) A representation of the arrangement of the principal parts of a building at ground level or on different levels for multistory buildings and for groups of buildings on sloping sites.


(graphic arts)
An orthographic drawing on a horizontal plane, as of an instrument, a horizontal section, or a layout.
A large-scale map or chart of a small area.


1. A two-dimensional graphic representation of the design, horizontal dimensions of a building, and location, as seen in a horizontal plane viewed from above, in contrast to a graphical representation representing a vertical plane (such as a section, 2 or an elevation, 1). See center-hall plan, city plan, cruciform plan, community plan, floor plan, four-square plan, gable-front-and-wing plan, gable-front plan, Georgian plan, ground plan, hall-and-parlor plan, hall-house plan, H-plan, linear plan, L-plan, one-room plan,


Programming LANguage Nineteen hundred.

The assembly language for ICL 1900 series computers.
References in periodicals archive ?
In addition, professionals must be able to meet federal and state legislative requirements, including developing IFSPs and IEPs, accessing general education curricula, and meeting accountability standards.
On examining the practices of Program B, it is discovered that the service coordinators provide families with a brochure on community programs and initiatives once a year during their IFSP meetings.
Once a child is enrolled in early childhood intervention, a comprehensive program is developed using either an IFSP for infants and toddlers or an IEP for preschoolers.
This design was appropriate for examining a small group of people in order to gain a deeper understanding of each family, specifically the needs and concerns of the family and whether those concerns were reflected in each family's IFSP (Stake, 1995).
Parents and other family members have their own perspective on what, among all of the skills that may be included in the IEP or IFSP, is most important.
Date of the IFSP and reasons for children's eligibility for Part C services were collected from service providers or service coordinators at the 93 county EI programs or agencies.
The center is unique in that they recruit parent volunteers, who have children with special needs, to be trained to assist other parents by answering phone calls, attending IFSP and IEP meetings as well as serving as good listeners to parents across Michigan who need them.
amending the IFSP to contain a transition plan, providing families with information about the transition process); (b) 14 quality indicators, thought to enhance the transition from early intervention to preschool (e.
Mr Mischin said the first round of IFSP grants had proved an outstanding success.
IFSP was introduced in October 2011 with the aim of providing local suppliers with a financial incentive to undertake initiatives to build their competitiveness and productivity, Mr O Brien said.
It would be wise for parents to check the situation in their state at the time their child's initial IFSP is developed.
sensitivity of professionals to child's needs and style, ability to establish rapport, ability to communicate effectively with parents, whether services directly address perceived needs); (c) the extent to which services are perceived to have affected the child's development; and (d) an assessment of whether parents believe that goals established for the child on the IFSP were attained.