Developing a chronology of Aboriginal occupation and use of the IJMA
which will contribute to management, interpretation and education and a greater understanding of Aboriginal occupation and use in eastern Australia.
25) As with the ijma
, qiyas are a tool for interpreting the "morality of actions .
is an Arabic term referring to the consensus or agreement of the Muslim community basically on religious issues.
An Akhbari refers to a person who acts according to the Holy Book and Sunnah but not reason and Ijma
Concurring with the idea of 'fair market and establishing'"Fashion Jewellery and Accessories Show" (FJAS) as the biggest trade and consumer show', Ramesh Janani, President, IJMA
, added, "We are extremely happy to partner with New Media Communication for FJAS.
17 As a result of this religious element, Sharia jurisprudence is generally thought to draw upon five principles for interpretation: the Quran ("the divine Revelation of Allah recited by Muhammed"), the Sunna ("the Prophet Muhammed's living examples"), qiyas ("reasoning by analogy"), ijma
("the learned consensus of Muslim scholars, or ulama"), and at least until the tenth Century, Ijtihad (independent juristic reasoning).
The South Asian judiciary, in the absence of legislation reflecting Ijma
or consensus of Muslim community, has given a proactive interpretation to family law within the Islamic framework.
MOROCCO'S MODEL is potentially useful to other countries, since it responds to popular calls for direct engagement with democratic practices, while identifying with the Islamic concepts of shura (participation and mutual consultation regarding all matters involving the whole community); umma (a decentralized yet integrated worldwide Muslim community that brings about human rights and social justice); and ijma
embraces concepts and ideas not found explicitly in either Quran or Sunna.
To produce fiqh, the Shia also have aql, or intellect, whereas the Sunnis go by the principle of qiyas, or reasoning by analogy, and also ijma
, or consensus.
The transfer of the power of ijtihad from individual representatives of schools to a Muslim legislative assembly which, in view of the growth of opposing sects, is the only possible form ijma
can take in modern times, will secure contributions to legal discussion from laymen who happen to possess a keen insight into affairs.
18) as derived from the six critera derived from Habermasian theories of the public sphere and communication action, Benedict Anderson's ideal of the imagined community, and their compatibility with the key Islamic concepts of shura, (consultations) ijtihad, (independent interpretation) and ijma