IJsselmeer


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IJsselmeer

(ī`səlmār'), shallow freshwater lake, NW Netherlands, bordering on the provinces of North Holland, Flevoland, and Friesland. It was formed from the old Zuider ZeeZuider Zee
, former shallow inlet of the North Sea, c.80 mi (130 km) long, indenting NE Netherlands. In ancient times Lake Flevo, it was joined to the North Sea by a great flood in the 13th cent.
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 by the construction of a dam (completed 1932). The dam, 19 mi (31 km) long, has navigation locks and drainage sluices (which control the lake's level) and carries a roadway connecting North Holland with FrieslandFriesland
or Frisia
, province (1994 pop. 607,000), c.1,325 sq mi (3,430 sq km), N Netherlands. Leeuwarden is the capital. The province includes several of the West Frisian Islands along the North Sea coast and borders on the IJsselmeer in the southwest.
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. The IJsselIJssel
, river, 72 mi (116 km) long, branching from the Neder Rijn (Lower Rhine) River near Arnhem, E Netherlands, and flowing N into the Ketelmeer (an arm of the IJsselmeer), near Kampen. The IJssel is connected to the Rhine and carries about one tenth of the Rhine's water.
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 River, from which the lake takes its name, is the chief feeder of the IJsselmeer.

Considerable areas have been reclaimed from the former Zuider Zee since 1930, when the reclamation of Wieringermeer (part of North Holland) was completed. The largest of the reclaimed areas is the Northeast Polder (185 sq mi/479 sq km), which with Eastern and Southern Flevoland (all reclaimed after 1937) now is part of the province of FlevolandFlevoland,
province (1994 pop. 253,700), 931 sq mi (2,412 sq km), central Netherlands, on the E shore of the Markermeer and IJsselmeer. Lelystad is the capital; other cities include Almere and Emmeloord.
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 (est. 1986). Parts of the polders were flooded in World War II but have since been salvaged. The southwestern end of the IJsselmeer, now called the Markermeer, was separated from the lake by the construction of a dam and was originally intended to be reclaimed as well. The IJsselmeer and Markermeer are important freshwater fishing grounds. Since 1937 pike, perch, and eels have replaced saltwater fish.

References in periodicals archive ?
Dexter AR, Kroesbergen B, Kuipers H (1984a) Some mechanical properties of top soils from the IJsselmeer polders.
Distribution and aspects of population dynamics of the zebra mussel, Dreissena polymorpha (Pallas, 1771), in the Lake IJsselmeer area (The Netherlands).
13 April - 20 April 2013 / 8 days from USD 2,575 per person) will pass through seafaring towns on the Ijsselmeer and along the Danube (Passau - Budapest, e.
The exceptions are Monet's evocation of dusk on the River Zaan as it seeps towards Amsterdam and the Ijsselmeer through reeds and the shadows of masted and rowing boats under a mill; and one of Cezanne's several self-portraits, usually sombre-faced but here almost cheerful as he heads through a snowstorm, with a backward glance, in a bowler hat.
The fire started at around half past midnight as around 700 welcomed the New Year at a bar complex in a row of old wooden houses in the picturesque Dutch fishing village of Volendam, 13 miles north-east of Amsterdam on the inland IJsselmeer Sea.
No survey of the Dutch fish trade is complete without a trip to the harborside town of Urk on the IJsselmeer, where some 35 companies are engaged in fish processing.
The Driel weir, also known as 'the tap of the Netherlands', distributes water flowing in from the Rhine between the rivers, to ensure sufficient fresh water flow into the Ijsselmeer lake.
The ship MPS Lady Anne sails from Amsterdam and cruises along the Ijsselmeer, a vast freshwater lake in the north of Holland.
Almere, which was founded only 30 years ago on manmade land in IJsselmeer Lake, is rapidly becoming The Netherlands' fifth largest city, with a projected population of up to 350,000 in 2030.
ANSWERS: 1 Terry Gilliam; 2 Red and blue; 3 Mace; 4 Louis Armstrong; 5 The global positioning system in navigation which uses 24 satellites; 6 Hippocrates; 7 Golf; 8 The pig; 9 Ijsselmeer, once known as the Zuider Zee; 10 The Plastic Ono Band.
Leading the export drive into Italy are flatfish producers from the former island of Urk which was incorporated into the mainland upon completion of the IJsselmeer Dam.
But team leader Tim Pearson is scared the airline will sink their plans to defend the cup on the Ijsselmeer before they even set sail.