network camera

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network camera

A digital camera used for surveillance. Network cameras are the successor to the analog closed-circuit TV (CCTV) systems that have been widely used for decades, but instead of a dedicated network, they use the local IP network, which also provides Internet access. Pioneered in 1996 by Axis Communications and also called an "IP camera," network cameras use standard IP protocols to transmit Motion JPEG, MPEG or H.264 video. See CCTV, ONVIF, MPEG and H.264.

Video (with or without audio) from all the cameras is recorded simultaneously on a dedicated network video recorder (NVR), which is a computer with video management software. Security services also provide cloud storage in lieu of or as backup for local recording. Most network cameras have motion sensors as well as built-in Web servers running Linux, which allows them to be adjusted and viewed from any Web browser.

Security cameras designed for the home with recording in the cloud may or may not be called network cameras (see connected camera).

One or Two Cables
Wi-Fi cameras use one power cable plugged into an AC outlet. Ethernet cameras require an additional cable that goes to the switch. However, power-over-Ethernet (PoE) cameras use a PoE switch for power (see PoE). See Webcam, PIR sensor and PTZ.

A Network Camera
This earlier Axis Ethernet camera plugged into an Ethernet switch (beige wire) and drew power from an AC outlet (black wire). Wi-Fi and power-over-Ethernet (PoE) cameras use only one cable.
References in periodicals archive ?
Summary: NIT, an Ingram Micro Company and a regional value-added distributor of IP surveillance and physical security solutions in the META …
The company said that the entry into the CCTV market is a natural progression for D-Link as it already supplies channel partners and their end users a complete range of outdoor and indoor IP surveillance cameras.
With the highest Switching Fabric and data stream buffer, the JetNet 7310G can achieve seamless connectivity between data center and field IP Surveillance applications.
This E-Commerce business that has become aleader in the online sale of IP Surveillance and Video Technologies.
has introduced the first members of its Photon family of business-class IP Surveillance Cameras.
Commenting on the report, an analyst from Technavio's team said: "The emergence of wireless IP surveillance is a critical trend observed in this market.
With its Power-over-Ethernet capabilities (PoE), the DGS-1210-52MP supports 48 gigabit ports and an overall PoE budget of 370 watts, making it ideal for high density IP Surveillance or IP Voice networks.
The Video Surveillance Camera (VSC) market, which is dominated by analog surveillance camera, is witnessing a shift towards IP surveillance cameras on account of declining prices and demand for remote access, said the 6Wresearch report.
AirLive, one of the most advanced international IP Surveillance Networking products and solutions provider has announced its participation at Computex 2013 (Taipei, Taiwan World Trade Center Hall 1, Booth: A0618).
Retail software can harness IP surveillance video, match it with highs and lows in sales data, and queue up any POS exceptions - for example, unusual discounts, no sales and large refunds - for senior management's review.
This free app is a powerful yet easy-to-use tool for managing a D-ViewCam Server installation or D-Link network video recorder and IP surveillance cameras from your iPhone, iPad, or Android device.