Shur, Iakov Shebselevich
Born Apr. 7 (20), 1908, in the village of Dubrovno, in what is now Vitebsk Oblast. Soviet physicist. Corresponding member of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR (1970). Member of the CPSU since 1940.
Shur graduated from Leningrad State University in 1932. The same year, he joined the staff of the Institute of Physics of Metals of the Urals Scientific Center of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR.
Shur’s main works deal with the physics of magnetic effects. Shur discovered thermomagnetic hysteresis. He discovered and studied the anisotropy of the magnetic hysteresis of ferromagnetic crystals. He also discovered magnetoelastic hysteresis and explained the nature of magnetization and hysteresis processes in hard magnetic materials. Shur developed new magnetic and mag-netostrictive materials, low-loss high-permeability electrical steels, and magnetic thin films.
Shur received the State Prize of the USSR in 1967. He has been awarded four orders and various medals.
WORKSFerromagnetizm. Moscow-Leningrad, 1948. (With S. V. Vonsovskii.) “Protsessy namagnichivaniia v magnitoodnoosnykh vysokoanizotropnykh ferromagnetikakh.” In Tr. mezhdunarodnoi konferentsii po magnetizmu: MKM-73, vol. 5. Moscow, 1974.
S. V. VONSOVSKII